日本十大公司(2019年)

Deciding to relocate to Japan is a big challenge. There is a big culture shift from the West, both in terms of personal and professional life, and the language is notoriously tricky to pick up. Therefore, with so many things to worry about, attempting to land a job with a stable and established company is a good place to start.
决定搬到日本是一个巨大的挑战。无论是在个人生活还是职业生活方面,西方都发生了巨大的文化转变,而且这种语言是出了名的难以掌握。因此,有这么多事情要担心,试图在一家稳定而成熟的公司找到一份工作是一个很好的开始。

Luckily, in terms of revenue, Japan is home to some of the largest companies, not just in Asia but in the world. While some of them may be unfamiliar, many are household names, with their products and services a firm fixture on our high streets and beyond.
幸运的是,就收入而言,日本是一些最大公司的所在地,不仅是亚洲,也是世界上最大的公司。虽然他们中的一些人可能不熟悉,但许多人都是家喻户晓的名字,他们的产品和服务在我们的大街上甚至更远的地方都是固定的。

According to the Forbes Global 2000 list, these are the top 10 biggest companies in Japan.
根据福布斯2000年全球排行榜,这些是日本十大公司。

10. Mizuho Financial Group
Market value: $39.8 billion (£31.3 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #125
瑞穗金融集团
市值:398亿美元(313亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#125

Created as the result of a merger between three Japanese banks in 2001, the Mizuho Financial Group (MHFG) is a banking holding company headquartered in the capital, Tokyo. It employs over 50,000 people across its 880 offices, covering an array of financial, banking and asset management services.

According to Forbes, it owns assets worth over $1.83 trillion (£1.44 trillion) and made a profit of $4.6 billion (£3.6 billion) in the 2018/2019 financial year. The name Mizuho, meanwhile, translates literally as ‘abundant rice’.
瑞穗金融集团是由三家日本银行于2001年合并而成的银行控股公司,总部位于东京。它在880个办事处雇用了50,000多名员工,涵盖一系列金融、银行和资产管理服务。

据《福布斯》报道,该公司拥有价值超过1.83万亿美元(1.44万亿英镑)的资产,2018/2019财年盈利46亿美元(36亿英镑)。同时,瑞穗这个名字字面意思是“丰富的大米”。

9. Mitsubishi Corporation
Market value: $42.5 billion (£33.4 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #108
三菱公司
市值:425亿美元(334亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#108

One of the four main constituent companies of Mitsubishi, the Tokyo-based Mitsubishi Corporation is Japan’s largest trading company. Highly diversified, it retains numerous business interests across a variety of sectors, including finance, machinery, chemicals and food, while its energy business group (which handles trades and investments in gas and oil) brings in considerable levels of revenue.

Mitsubishi Corporation’s profits in 2018/2019 were around $5.3 billion (£4.2 billion), while it owns assets worth over $150 billion (£117.9 billion).
总部位于东京的三菱公司是三菱的四大组成公司之一,是日本最大的贸易公司。该公司高度多元化,在金融、机械、化工和食品等多个行业保持着众多商业利益,而其能源业务集团(负责天然气和石油的贸易和投资)带来了可观的收入。

三菱公司2018/2019年的利润约为53亿美元(42亿英镑),而其资产价值超过1500亿美元(1179亿英镑)。

8. Honda Motor Company
Market value: $50.5 billion (£39.7 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #76
本田汽车公司
市值:505亿美元(397亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#76

Since the early 1980s, Japan has been renowned as a mass manufacturer and exporter of automobiles and motorcycles, with the likes of Toyota, Mitsubishi and Nissan all carving out hugely valuable pieces of the global market.

One of the biggest players on the scene, though, is Honda, which is estimated to be the largest motorcycle manufacturer in the world. This success has no doubt contributed to the company’s impressive revenues in 2018/2019, with only Toyota making more sales in this period.

Honda has also been active in the manufacturing market in recent years, while it is also becoming increasingly involved in artificial intelligence and robotics research. Overall, it made $6.6 billion (£5.2 billion) worth of profit last year, while its assets are estimated at $180.9 billion (£142.1 billion).
自20世纪80年代初以来,日本一直以汽车和摩托车的大规模制造商和出口商而闻名,丰田、三菱和日产等公司都在全球市场上开拓了价值巨大的市场。

然而,现场最大的玩家之一是本田,据估计它是世界上最大的摩托车制造商。这一成功无疑为该公司2018/2019年的可观收入做出了贡献,在此期间只有丰田的销售额有所增加。

本田近年来在制造业市场也很活跃,同时也越来越多地参与人工智能和机器人研究。总体而言,该公司去年盈利66亿美元(52亿英镑),而其资产估计为1,809亿美元(1,421亿英镑)。

7. Sony Corporation
Market value: $60.1 billion (£47.2 billion)
索尼公司
市值:601亿美元(472亿英镑)

Global 2000 rank: #73 A multinational conglomerate with stakes in the gaming, entertainment, music and electronics industries (among others), Sony is a household name all over the globe. It’s perhaps best known for its impact in the consumer appliances market – particularly the PlayStation brand – although Sony Pictures, the company’s film studio, is responsible for the Jumanji, Men in Black and Ghostbusters franchises, while Sony Music includes One Direction, Pharrell Williams and the Foo Fighters among its roster.

All these assets are worth a total $190.7 billion (£149.8 billion), while the company made profits of $7.3 billion (£5.7 billion) in 2018/2019.
2000年全球排名:索尼是一家跨国企业集团,在游戏、娱乐、音乐和电子行业(以及其他行业)拥有股份,在全球家喻户晓。尽管索尼电影公司的电影工作室负责朱曼吉、黑衣人和捉鬼敢死队的特许经营,而索尼音乐公司的名单中包括单向乐队、法瑞尔·威廉姆斯和喷火战机乐队,但它在消费电器市场——尤其是PlayStation品牌——的影响力可能最为人所知。

所有这些资产的总价值为1907亿美元(1498亿英镑),而该公司2018/2019年的利润为73亿美元(57亿英镑)。

6. Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
Market value: $50.9 billion (£40 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #67
三井住友金融集团
市值:509亿美元(400亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#67

One of the largest financial institutions in the world, with assets over $1.84 trillion (£1.45 trillion), Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group (SMFG) is a powerhouse of the Japanese banking and finance sector, despite only being founded in 2002. It’s listed on both the Tokyo and New York stock exchanges, and it employs over 70,000 people across its various global offices.

It made profits of $6.6 billion (£5.2 billion) in the last reported year and continues to grow and acquire numerous business divisions.
三井住友金融集团(SMFG)是世界上最大的金融机构之一,资产超过1.84万亿美元(1.45万亿英镑),尽管它成立于2002年,但却是日本银行业和金融业的一个生力军。它在东京和纽约证券交易所上市,在全球各地的办事处雇佣了7万多名员工。

上一个报告年度,该公司盈利66亿美元(52亿英镑),并继续增长和收购多个业务部门。

5. Japan Post Holdings
Market value: $44.5 billion (£35 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #66
日本邮政控股公司
市值:445亿美元(350亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#66

Responsible for four key areas of business (including the management of Japan’s mail delivery and post office services), Japan Post Holdings is a diverse conglomerate that also has interests in banking, insurance and logistics.
The Japanese government currently owns around 71% of the company, although there have been numerous proposals intended to privatise it. To date, the Ministry of Finance has made two Initial Public Offerings (IPOs), in 2015 and 2017, which raised a total of $24 billion (£18.9 billion) – much of the 2015 earnings were used for the repair and reconstruction of areas affected by environmental disasters.

The company made profits $4.3 billion (£3.4 billion) in the last reporting year, while its assets are valued at a whopping $2.62 trillion ($2.1 trillion).
日本邮政控股有限公司负责四个关键业务领域(包括日本邮件递送和邮局服务的管理),是一家多元化的企业集团,同时对银行、保险和物流也有兴趣。
日本政府目前拥有该公司大约71%的股份,尽管已经有许多计划将其私有化。迄今为止,财政部已经在2015年和2017年进行了两次首次公开发行(IPO),共筹集到240亿美元(189亿英镑)——2015年的大部分收入用于修复和重建受环境灾难影响的地区。

该公司在上一个报告年度盈利43亿美元(34亿英镑),而其资产价值高达2.62万亿美元(2.1万亿美元)。

4. Nippon Telegraph and Telephone
Market value: $80.2 billion (£63 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #51
日本电报电话公司
市值:802亿美元(630亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#51

In terms of revenue, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) is one of the world’s largest telecommunications companies, with numerous regional, long-distance and mobile subsidiaries.

Although it is listed on several stock exchanges (including Tokyo, London and New York), NTT is, by law, around a third-owned by the Japanese state. It made profits of around $8.7 billion (£6.8 billion) in the last reporting year, while it holds assets worth around $80.2 billion (£63 billion).
就收入而言,日本电报电话公司(NTT)是世界上最大的电信公司之一,拥有众多地区性、长途和移动子公司。

尽管NTT在几家证券交易所(包括东京、伦敦和纽约)上市,但根据法律,它大约有三分之一的股份属于日本政府。上一个报告年度,该公司的利润约为87亿美元(68亿英镑),资产价值约为802亿美元(630亿英镑)。

3. Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group
Market value: $65 billion (£51 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #43
三菱UFJ金融集团
市值:650亿美元(510亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#43

The primary financial arm of the Mitsubishi Group, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group is one of the world’s largest and most powerful banks, obtaining its full title after a 2006 merger with the United Financial of Japan (UFJ) bank.

With assets of around $2.8 trillion (£2.2 trillion), Mitsubishi UFJ is the largest financial group in Japan and is responsible for dozens of asset management, equity and securities companies across the globe. It possesses sizeable holdings in several other financial institutions, including Morgan Stanley in the US, while it also owns shares in Toyota, Nippon and the Chase Bank. It made profits of around $9 billion (£7 billion) in the last reporting year.
三菱UFJ金融集团是三菱集团的主要金融分支,是世界上最大和最强大的银行之一,在2006年与日本联合金融(UFJ)银行合并后获得了它的完全所有权。

三菱UFJ的资产约为2.8万亿美元(2.2万亿英镑),是日本最大的金融集团,负责全球数十家资产管理、股票和证券公司。它在其他几家金融机构持有大量股份,包括美国的摩根士丹利,同时还持有丰田、日本财团和大通银行的股份。上一个报告年度,该公司盈利约90亿美元(70亿英镑)。

2. SoftBank Group
Market value: $112.4 billion (£88.3 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #36
软银集团
市值:1124亿美元(883亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#36

A diverse conglomerate with interests in telecommunications, e-commerce, technology, finance and media, SoftBank Group owns stakes in a wide array of businesses. It was originally founded in 1981 as a computer parts store by budding entrepreneur Masayoshi Son, before expanding considerably throughout the 1990s and 2000s.
The company is renowned for its elaborate marketing schemes, as well as its employee perks and benefits programme (something of a rarity in Japan). In the last reporting year, it made profits of around $13.9 billion (£10.9 billion), while it retains assets worth around $332 billion (£260.9 billion).
软银集团是一家多元化的企业集团,在电信、电子商务、技术、金融和媒体领域都有兴趣,它拥有众多业务的股份。它最初于1981年由初露头角的企业家孙正义创立,当时是一家电脑配件商店,后来在20世纪90年代和21世纪初大幅扩张。
该公司以其精心策划的营销计划以及员工福利和福利计划而闻名(在日本是罕见的)。在上一个报告年度,该公司的利润约为139亿美元(109亿英镑),而资产价值约为3320亿美元(2609亿英镑)。

1. Toyota Motor Corporation
Market value: $176.6 billion (£138.8 billion)
Global 2000 rank: #15
丰田汽车公司
市值:1766亿美元(1388亿英镑)
全球2000年排名:#15

The second largest car manufacturer in the world (only Germany’s Volkswagen makes more), Toyota Motor Corporation is one of Japan’s most famous success stories, becoming the first company to produce more than 10 million cars in a single year. It is the market leader in hybrid electric vehicles, too, as well as the owner of luxury car brand Lexus.
丰田汽车公司(Toyota Motor Corporation)是世界第二大汽车制造商(仅次于德国的大众汽车制造得更多),是日本最著名的成功故事之一,成为第一家在一年内生产超过1000万辆汽车的公司。它也是混合动力电动汽车的市场领导者,也是豪华车品牌雷克萨斯的所有者。

Based in Toyota City, where the company’s headquarters and manufacturing plants are based, Toyota made profits of $17.2 billion (£13.5 billion) in the last reporting year, off sales of around $272 billion (£213.7 billion) (nearly double its closest Japanese rival Honda). It also holds assets worth around $466 billion (£366.2 billion).

As you can see, if you’re going to find a job in Japan, then these are clearly some of the most successful, stable options to consider – as well as some of the most lucrative. If you are willing to get to grips with the language and the culture shock, then your career in Japan could reach serious heights at one of these employers.

Have you made the move to Japan? What tips would you give? Let us know in the comments below!
This article is an updated version of an earlier article originally published on 5 May 2015.
丰田总部和制造工厂位于丰田市,在最近一个报告年度,该公司的利润为172亿美元(135亿英镑),销售额约为2720亿美元(2137亿英镑)(几乎是其最大的日本竞争对手本田的两倍)。它还持有价值约4660亿美元(3662亿英镑)的资产。

如你所见,如果你打算在日本找份工作,那么这些显然是最成功、最稳定的选择,也是最有利可图的选择。如果你愿意掌握语言和文化冲击,那么你在日本的职业生涯可能会在这些雇主中的一个达到顶峰。

你搬到日本了吗?你会给什么建议?请在下面的评论中告诉我们!
本文是最初于2015年5月5日发布的早期文章的更新版本。

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/top-10-largest-companies-in-japan

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