OPEC欧佩克成员国都有哪些国家

石油输出国组织(OPEC)于1960年9月在伊拉克巴格达成立,伊朗伊斯兰共和国,伊拉克,科威特,沙特阿拉伯和委内瑞拉五个国家签署了一项协议。他们将成为本组织的创始成员。

这些国家后来加入了卡塔尔(1961),印度尼西亚(1962),利比亚(1962),阿拉伯联合酋长国(1967),阿尔及利亚(1969),尼日利亚(1971),厄瓜多尔(1973),加蓬(1975),安哥拉(2007年),赤道几内亚(2017年)和刚果(2018年)。

厄瓜多尔悬浮于1992年12月其成员,但在2007年10月重新加入欧佩克的印度尼西亚暂停其成员在2009年1月,在2016年1月再次激活它,而是决定在171再次暂停其会员日 11月30日欧佩克会议的会议2016年。加蓬于1995年1月终止了其成员资格。然而,它于2016年7月重新加入了本组织。卡塔尔于2019年1月1日终止了其成员资格。

这意味着,本组织目前共有14个成员国。

《欧佩克规约》对创始成员和正式成员进行了区分,即正式加入成员的国家已被大会接受。

《规约》规定“任何原油净出口量大的国家,其利益与会员国的利益基本相似,任何国家都可以成为本组织的正式会员,如果得到四分之三的正式会员的多数接受,包括所有创始人会员的一致投票。”

《规约》还规定了准会员,即不具备正式会员资格但仍在大会规定的特殊条件下被接纳的国家。

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, with the signing of an agreement in September 1960 by five countries namely Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. They were to become the Founder Members of the Organization.

These countries were later joined by Qatar (1961), Indonesia (1962), Libya (1962), the United Arab Emirates (1967), Algeria (1969), Nigeria (1971), Ecuador (1973), Gabon (1975), Angola (2007), Equatorial Guinea (2017) and Congo (2018).

Ecuador suspended its membership in December 1992, but rejoined OPEC in October 2007. Indonesia suspended its membership in January 2009, reactivated it again in January 2016, but decided to suspend its membership once more at the 171st Meeting of the OPEC Conference on 30 November 2016. Gabon terminated its membership in January 1995. However, it rejoined the Organization in July 2016. Qatar terminated its membership on 1 January 2019.

This means that, currently, the Organization has a total of 14 Member Countries.

The OPEC Statute distinguishes between the Founder Members and Full Members – those countries whose applications for membership have been accepted by the Conference.

The Statute stipulates that “any country with a substantial net export of crude petroleum, which has fundamentally similar interests to those of Member Countries, may become a Full Member of the Organization, if accepted by a majority of three-fourths of Full Members, including the concurring votes of all Founder Members.”

The Statute further provides for Associate Members which are those countries that do not qualify for full membership, but are nevertheless admitted under such special conditions as may be prescribed by the Conference.

原文:https://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/about_us/25.htm