瑞士收入最高的十大工作

Switzerland is one of the best places in Europe to live and work. The country boasts one of highest standards of living in the world, low crime rates, an amazing public transportation system, great work-life balance, and some of the highest average salaries in the world.
瑞士是欧洲最好的居住和工作场所之一。这个国家拥有世界上最高的生活水平、低犯罪率、惊人的公共交通系统、良好的工作与生活平衡以及世界上最高的平均工资。

If all of that makes you feel like relocating to Switzerland, but you don’t know where to start, then don’t worry. To help you figure out which are the best-paid occupations, we’ve looked at data from PayScale and the Lohnbuch Schweiz to compile a list of the top 10 highest paying jobs in Switzerland in 2019…
如果所有这些都让你想搬到瑞士,但你不知道从哪里开始,那就别担心。为了帮助你找出收入最高的职业,我们研究了工资等级和罗翰布克施韦茨的数据,列出了2019年瑞士收入最高的十大职业…
10.军官
平均估计工资:83,880瑞士法郎(84,009美元)

尽管瑞士在军事冲突中保持中立的历史悠久,但瑞士武装部队仍然参与全球维持和平任务,并维持民防民兵。尽管这些人力大部分来自志愿者和应征士兵,但约有5%是职业军人,他们负责管理、培训和指挥其手下的男女士兵。
当然,军官们——就像任何军队一样——需要表现出卓越的领导能力、独立思考的能力和强大的沟通技巧。

要成为瑞士武装部队的军官,你可以在征兵期间志愿应征,如果你符合要求的标准和标准,可以被推荐参加军官培训。作为奖励,参谋人员在苏黎世联邦理工学院接受培训——苏黎世联邦理工学院被公认为世界上最好的大学之一。

9.软件工程师
平均估计工资:87,693瑞士法郎(87,829美元)

软件工程师设计、构建、实施和维护可用于任何目的或需求的软件程序和应用程序。

从技术上讲,他们需要精通各种编程语言,如Python、Java和C++,但他们也需要一些软技能。例如,他们需要能够逻辑地和批判地思考,并展示出很强的解决问题的技能。

大多数软件工程师都获得了计算机科学、信息技术或类似相关领域的学位,尽管如果你是一名有天赋的自学程序员,并且拥有可转让的就业技能,那么你可能没有学位就进入了这个行业。

8.会计师
平均估计工资:89,515瑞士法郎(89,653美元)

会计师负责跟踪和审计公司和个人的账目,并提供专家战略、咨询和咨询服务(特别是在大公司)。

自然,他们必须倾向于数字,但他们也需要商业意识,技术娴熟,善于时间管理。

大多数会计师学习认可的会计、金融或商业相关学位,通过这些学位,他们可以参加大部分执照/执照考试;为了成为特许经营者或注册会计师,你需要参加额外的考试,并积累最少的客户时间。通过更高的学徒制也有可能进入会计行业。

7.飞行员
平均估计工资:101,340瑞士法郎(101,496美元)

飞行员有各种各样的外形和伪装,尽管收入最高的无疑是商业航空公司的飞行员。他们负责让客机安全往返目的地。

毫不奇怪,他们需要具备强大的多任务处理技能,以及有效沟通和瞬间做出高压决策的能力。

要成为一名飞行员,你需要在你的国家获得认可的航空执照,并建立飞行时间组合。或者,许多飞行员在军队接受训练,然后将他们的技能应用到平民世界。

6.牧师/部长
平均估计工资:109,008瑞士法郎(109,176美元)
也许令人惊讶的是,加入瑞士的神职人员行列显然是值得的;尽管没有官方的国教,但该国两大教派——罗马天主教和瑞士宗教改革——的神职人员的工作得到了很好的回报。

最终,最重要的是,牧师必须具备良好的人际交往技能,包括移情、沟通和展示情商的能力。作为一个有影响力的职位,他们也需要在任何时候展示出完美的判断力。

大多数牧师都拥有神学学位,并在初级阶段加入他们各自的教会,然后才能晋升到资历更高、责任更大的职位。

5.保险精算师
平均估计工资:112,053瑞士法郎(112,226美元)
精算师是风险管理者,他们利用统计数据和数学模型来判断特定决策的财务影响。他们主要受雇于保险公司和投资银行。

毫不奇怪,对数学的高级理解是一个基本要求,但是你也需要能够将你的发现和分析传达给非技术利益相关者。商业意识是另一项关键技能。

就教育而言,大多数精算师学习精算科学学位,尽管数学和/或统计学通常也是可以接受的。

4.兽医
平均估计工资:114,445瑞士法郎(114,622美元)
兽医(或简称兽医)与兽医技术人员一起治疗动物疾病和急性临床症状,并进行基本疫苗接种和常规检查。

他们必须能够有效地与他们治疗的动物的主人沟通,包括发布明确的指示和在敏感的情况下表现出同理心的能力。你还需要对动物工作充满热情。

为了成为兽医,你需要学习认证兽医科学学位。尽管许多兽医——尤其是农村地区的兽医——倾向于建立自己的诊所,但在更大的诊所或组织中找到工作是可能的。

3.投资银行家
平均估计工资:118,444瑞士法郎(118,626美元)
对于一个以银行业闻名的国家来说,投资银行家是瑞士薪酬最高的人之一并不奇怪;这个工资数字也不包括他们的奖金,奖金通常会使基本工资相形见绌。

银行家除了拥有商业头脑、分析技能和强有力的决策能力之外,还需要精明、有商业意识并专注于这项工作——尤其是如果你打算为一家顶级银行工作。

大多数人拥有商业、金融、经济或类似的学位,并通过实习或研究生项目获得永久职位。根据他们经营的市场,他们还需要参加额外的考试才能获得相关的执照。

2.医生
平均估计工资:131,602瑞士法郎(131,805美元)
医生治疗疾病、急性临床病症和损伤,并在医院和私人诊所对病人进行常规检查。近年来,医生的工资有所增加,部分原因是瑞士医疗保险费用上涨。

成为一名医生需要大量的技能和品质;沟通、专业精神、同理心和多任务能力都是关键,同样重要的还有很强的人际交往能力和解决问题的能力。

在教育方面,所有医生都需要上医学院,才能合法获得行医执照;然后他们需要选择一个专业并接受该领域的进一步培训。一些医学领域,如外科、心脏病学和急救医学,工资远远高于其他领域。

1.信息技术系统架构师
平均估计工资:135,295瑞士法郎(135,503美元)
无论你身处世界的哪个角落,信息技术系统架构都是薪酬最高的职业之一——尽管瑞士的金融业利润丰厚,但也不例外。系统架构师代表业务客户和其他组织咨询、设计和监督整个信息技术基础设施的构建,通常与非技术业务开发经理合作,以了解客户的需求。

因此,高级技术知识和对信息技术不同方面的理解是必不可少的,但您还需要强大的项目管理技能、对所选行业的商业意识以及与其他利益相关方合作的能力。

信息技术学位是在系统架构中工作的最低要求,尽管在现实中,您还需要获得许多高级信息技术认证,并拥有公认的管理资格。

瑞士是一个生活和工作都很棒的国家,所以如果你有资格和专业知识来扮演这些角色,那为什么不坚持到底,开始行动呢?

你搬到瑞士了吗?你会给什么建议?请在下面的评论中告诉我们…
货币兑换基于XE.com提供的汇率。
本文是最初于2015年3月6日发布的早期文章的更新版本。
10. Military Officer
Average estimated salary: 83,880 CHF ($84,009)

Despite Switzerland’s long history of neutrality in military conflicts, the Swiss Armed Forces still take part in peacekeeping missions around the globe, as well as maintain a civil defence militia. While much of this manpower is derived from volunteers and conscripts, however, about 5 per cent are professional career soldiers, who are responsible for the management, training and tactical command of the men and women under their charge.
Naturally, military officers – as in any Army – need to demonstrate exceptional leadership skills, the ability to think on their feet and strong communication skills.

To become a military officer in the Swiss Armed Forces, you can volunteer during conscription and, provided you meet the criteria and standard required, can be put forward for officer training. As a bonus, staff officers receive their training at ETH Zurich – regularly recognised as one of the finest universities in the world.

9. Software Engineer
Average estimated salary: 87,693 CHF ($87,829)

Software engineers design, build, implement and maintain software programmes and applications that can be used for any number of purposes or requirements.

Technically, they need to be fluent in a variety of programming languages, such as Python, Java and C++, but they also require several soft skills, too. For instance, they need to be able to think logically and critically, as well as demonstrate strong problem solving skills.

Most software engineers earn a degree in computer science, IT, or a similar and relevant field, although if you are a gifted self-taught programmer and you possess transferrable employment skills, then you could potentially enter the profession without a degree.

8. Accountant
Average estimated salary: 89,515 CHF ($89,653)

Accountants are responsible for keeping track of and auditing the accounts of companies and individuals, as well as offering expert strategy, consulting and advisory services (particularly at larger firms).

Naturally, they have to be numerically inclined, but they also need to be commercially aware, technically adept and good at time management, as well.

Most accountants study an accredited accounting, finance or business-related degree, through which they sit the majority of their charter/license exams; in order to become chartered or a CPA, you would then need to sit additional exams as well as build up a minimum amount of client hours. It is also possible to enter accounting through a higher apprenticeship.

7. Pilot
Average estimated salary: 101,340 CHF ($101,496)

Pilots come in many shapes and guises, although the highest paid are undoubtedly commercial airline pilots. They are responsible for safely flying passenger planes to and from their destinations.

Unsurprisingly, they need to possess strong multitasking skills, as well as the ability to communicate effectively and make split-second, high-pressure decisions.

To become a pilot, you will need to obtain the recognised aviation license in your country as well as build up a portfolio of flying hours. Alternatively, many pilots train in the military and then apply their skills to the civilian world.

6. Priest / Minister
Average estimated salary: 109,008 CHF ($109,176)
Perhaps a surprising inclusion in this list, it clearly pays to join the priesthood in Switzerland; despite having no official state religion, clergy of the country’s two biggest denominations – Roman Catholicism and Swiss Reformation – are well recompensed for their work.

Ultimately, above all else, priests have to possess good people skills, including the ability to empathise and communicate and show emotional intelligence. As a position of influence, they also need to demonstrate flawless judgement at all times.

Most priests possess a degree in theology and join their respective church at a junior level, before working their way up to positions of more seniority and responsibility.

5. Actuary
Average estimated salary: 112,053 CHF ($112,226)
Actuaries are risk managers who utilise statistics and mathematical models to judge the financial implications of a particular decision. They are primarily employed by insurance companies and investment banks.

Unsurprisingly, an advanced understanding of mathematics is a basic requisite, but you also need to be able to communicate your findings and analysis to non-technical stakeholders. Commercial awareness is another key skill.

In terms of education, most actuaries study a degree in actuarial sciences, although mathematics and/or statistics are also usually acceptable.

4. Veterinarian
Average estimated salary: 114,445 CHF ($114,622)
Veterinarians (or vets, for short) work with vet technicians to treat illnesses and acute clinical conditions in animals, as well as administer basic vaccinations and conduct routine check-ups.

They have to be able to communicate effectively with the owners of the animals they treat, including the issuing of clear instructions and the ability to display empathy in sensitive situations. You also need to be enthusiastic about working with animals.

In order to become a vet, you need to study an accredited veterinarian sciences degree. It is possible to land work at a larger clinic or organisation, although many vets – particularly in rural areas – tend to set up their own practices.

3. Investment Banker
Average estimated salary: 118,444 CHF ($118,626)
Unsurprisingly for a country that is famous for banking, investment bankers are among the highest paid people in Switzerland; this salary figure doesn’t include their bonuses, either, which can often dwarf the base salary.

As well as having business acumen, analytical skills and strong decision-making in their locker, bankers need to be shrewd, commercially aware and dedicated to the job – particularly if you are planning to work for one of the top banks.

Most have a degree in business, finance, economics or something similar and secure permanent roles through internships or graduate programmes. Depending on the market that they operate in, they also need to sit additional exams in order to obtain the relevant license.

2. Doctor
Average estimated salary: 131,602 CHF ($131,805)
Doctors treat illnesses, acute clinical conditions and injuries, and conduct routine check-ups on patients at hospitals and private clinics. Doctor salaries have increased in recent years, partly as a result of rising health insurance costs in Switzerland.

There are a wealth of skills and traits needed to become a doctor; communication, professionalism, empathy and the ability to multi-task are all key, as are strong people skills and an aptitude for problem solving.

In terms of education, all doctors need to attend medical school before they can legally obtain a licence to practice; they then need to choose a specialism and undergo further training in that field. Some areas of medicine, such as surgery, cardiology, and emergency medicine, pay far higher salaries than others.

1. IT Systems Architect
Average estimated salary: 135,295 CHF ($135,503)
No matter where you go in the world, IT systems architecture is one of the highest paid professions – and Switzerland, despite its lucrative financial sector – is no different. Systems architects consult on, design and oversee the build of entire IT infrastructures on behalf of business clients and other organisations, often working in partnership with a non-technical business development manager to understand the client’s needs.

As a result, an advanced technical knowledge and understanding of different aspects of IT is a requisite, but you’ll also need strong project management skills, commercial awareness of your chosen industry and the ability to work with other stakeholders.

An IT degree is the basic minimum to work in systems architecture, although in reality, you will also need to obtain numerous advanced IT certifications as well as hold a recognised management qualification.

Switzerland is an amazing country to live and work in, so if you have the qualifications and the expertise to pursue these roles, then why not up sticks and make the move?

Have you relocated to Switzerland? What tips would you give? Let us know in the comments below…
Currency conversions are based on rates supplied by XE.com.
This article is an updated version of an earlier article originally published on 6 March 2015.

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/the-top-10-highest-paid-jobs-in-switzerland

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