马来西亚的就业市场将在2020年爆炸式增长

马来西亚有望在2020年前创造300万个就业机会,以巩固该国在未来六年内作为高收入国家的声誉。教育和战略改革倡议人力资本发展主任东姑·阿齐安·沙赫里曼指出,去年创造了约438 800个净新工作岗位,超过了330 000个的最初目标。阿齐兹补充道,“政府已经设定了一个平均目标,即在2020年之前每年创造333,000个新的净就业岗位,但是到目前为止,我们看到的数字已经超过了平均目标”。

公共服务委员会主席坦·斯里·马哈茂德·亚当表示,今年政府部门和机构内将有10多万个职位空缺。

在构成活跃劳动力的1 310万人中,不到40万人失业,约占3.1%。根据国际劳工组织(劳工组织),失业率低于4%的任何国家都被视为实现了充分就业。

马来西亚增长的关键经济转型计划
马来西亚总理拿督·斯里·纳吉布·拉扎克强调,自成立以来;《经济转型计划》(ETP)从投资中产生了2200亿林吉特。由于国家经济关键领域195个项目的投资,创造了435 000个就业机会,为马来西亚国民总收入贡献了1 440亿林吉特。

ETP于2010年启动,作为马来西亚国家转型计划的一部分,旨在通过在12个关键领域吸引投资,实现总理设定的就业目标。这些领域包括石油和天然气、旅游、金融服务、教育、医疗保健和商业服务。这些部门过去已显示出对马来西亚国民总收入的巨大贡献。

马来西亚吸引外国投资
投资这个亚洲国家还试图通过实施六项战略改革举措来提高其在全球舞台上的竞争力。这些政策旨在为马来西亚创造一个有利于商业、高效和竞争的环境,并帮助当地公司吸引外国投资。
这六项举措涵盖公共财政改革、公共服务提供、人力资本发展、政府在商业中的作用、竞争、标准和自由化以及缩小差距。

在《2013年营商环境报告》中,世界银行将马来西亚排在营商环境第12位。这与2012年的第18位相比。马来西亚在该报告的信贷便利度排名中也名列前茅,在投资者保护方面排名第四。

总体而言,马来西亚在创造一个就业市场呈指数级增长、资本市场发展强劲的充满希望的经济方面向前迈出了重要一步。马来西亚的全球发展和竞争力使该国成为西方求职者、企业家和投资者的有利可图的目的地,以促进他们的职业发展和利润前景。

Malaysia is on track to create three million jobs by 2020 in a bid to cement the country’s reputation as a high-income nation within the next six years. The director for education and strategic reform initiative (SRI) human capital development Tengku Azian Shahriman stated that some 438,800 net new jobs were created last year, surpassing the initial target of 330,000. Azian added that “The government has set an average target of 333,000 new net jobs to be created each year in the run up to 2020, but so far we’ve been seeing numbers exceeding the average target”.

According to the public services commission chairman Tan Sri Mahmood Adam, more than 100,000 job vacancies are set to become available within government departments and agencies this year.

Of the 13.1 million that make up the active labour force, less than 400,000 or about 3.1% are unemployed. According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), any country with an unemployment rate of less than 4% is regarded as having attained full employment.

The Economic Transformation Plan Key to Malaysia’s Growth

The Malaysian Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Razak underlined that since its creation; the Economic Transformation Plan (ETP) had generated RM220 billion from investments. As a result of investments from 195 projects in National Economic Key Areas, 435,000 jobs had been created and contributed RM144 billion to Malaysia’s gross national income (GNI).

The ETP was launched in 2010 as part of Malaysia’s National Transformation Plan in a bid to reach the jobs target the prime minister set by attracting investment into 12 key areas. These areas include oil and gas, tourism, financial services, education, healthcare and business services. Such sectors have shown in the past to generate a significant contribution to Malaysia’s GNI.

Malaysia to Attract Foreign
Investment The Asian country is also trying to increase its competitiveness on the global stage through implementing six Strategic Reform Initiatives. These are made up of policies that aim to create a business-friendly, efficient and competitive environment in Malaysia and help local companies to attract foreign investment.

The six initiatives cover public finance reform, public service delivery, human capital development, the role of government in business, competition, standards and liberalization and narrowing disparities.

The World Bank ranked Malaysia at the 12th position for ease of doing business in its Doing Business 2013 report. This was compared to 18th in 2012. Malaysia also led the report’s ranking for ease of access to credit and was ranked fourth for investor protection.

On the whole, Malaysia made a significant step forward to create a promising economy with an exponential job market growth and a robust capital market development. Malaysia’s global development and competitiveness make the country a lucrative destination for Western jobseekers, entrepreneurs and investors to advance their career and profit prospects.

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/malaysia-s-job-market-to-explode-by-2020

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