如何才能搬迁到奥地利

奥地利。西格蒙德·弗洛伊德、沃尔夫冈·阿马德乌斯·莫扎特、维克多·赫斯、弗朗茨·舒伯特、阿诺德·施瓦辛格、克里斯琴·多普勒和海迪·拉马尔的故乡。就连德国人路德维希·范·贝多芬也无法抗拒维也纳的吸引力,并在那里度过了他的大部分职业生涯。这是一个美丽的国家,户外爱好者的天堂,有许多山、湖、林地、历史名城以及迷人的城镇和村庄。尽管你认为自己对这个国家了解不多,但你可能会感到惊讶。任何想在中欧生活和工作的人都应该认真考虑奥地利。

一点背景
奥地利有着悠久而迷人的历史,并且经常发现自己是比国家本身大得多的事件的一部分。哈布斯堡家族统治了600多年,大部分时间是神圣罗马帝国的一部分,最后一位统治者(查理一世)于1918年非正式下台。这为现代意义上的奥地利铺平了道路,奥地利共和国于1919年成立。

该国是一个基于1920年宪法的联邦议会共和国,总统由人民选举产生。奥地利将其84,000平方公里(世界第107大)分成九个独立的州。该国地处中欧内陆,与德国(官方语言为德语)、捷克共和国、斯洛文尼亚、匈牙利、意大利、瑞士和斯洛伐克接壤。它最大也是最著名的城市是维也纳的传奇之都。奥地利及其850万公民于1995年加入欧洲联盟。

签证和移民
获得在奥地利生活和工作所需的许可证和签证是一个简单的程序。首先,你最有可能需要申请红-白-红卡,它允许你在一个雇主(基本上是你申请的赞助商)的国家生活和工作一年。如果你在那段时间换了雇主,你需要一张新卡。为了取得资格,你需要属于以下类别之一:高素质的工人、短缺职业中的熟练工人或其他关键工人。每个人都有自己的具体要求,并且每个人都必须达到与签证申请相关的奥地利积分系统的最低总额(您符合的每个标准都会获得积分)。

此外,还有一张红白红加卡,允许你和不受限制的雇主一起生活和工作。你可以在成功完成在奥地利的前12个月工作后申请。最后,还有一个针对高素质员工的求职签证。如果你在积分系统中得了100分中的至少70分,它会给你6个月的签证,以便你在国内找工作。所有这些签证和卡都需要完成《融入协议》,该协议旨在确保在奥地利生活和工作的每个人都具备基本的德语技能。
奥地利公民身份可在连续居住十年后,并在满足各种其他标准(包括德语熟练程度)后获得。

房屋
在奥地利找到合适的住房应该不会太难。出租公寓在城市环境中最丰富,大城市提供了很多选择。奥地利认可两种租赁协议——主要租赁(你和业主之间)和转租。有限租赁协议至少为期三年。查看奥地利房地产经纪人名单,一个像维也纳公寓服务这样的公寓出租网站,联系像恩格尔和沃尔克斯这样的老牌房地产公司,或者考虑像维也纳克雷格列表这样的分类广告。
公寓。房子。小屋。别墅。小木屋…奥地利拥有全部。四处看看。

教育
奥地利的教育由联邦政府和州政府共同承担。15岁以下的学生必须上学,最后一年(Gr.9)在理工学校完成,为毕业后的学徒期(3-4年额外培训和在职经验)做准备。有些学校可以持续到9年级以后,最后是“毕业考试”(叫做马图拉)。希望进入奥地利学院或大学的学生必须通过马图拉考试。此外,私立/国际学校(如维也纳的美国国际学校和萨尔茨堡国际预备学校)约占全国教育机构总数的8%。然而,奥地利国家资助的公立学校被广泛认为是欧洲最好的学校之一。

气候
奥地利以其冬季风景和体育运动而闻名,但它确实有一个独特的夏季,那里的温度可以达到25度左右(甚至更高)。传说中的冬天会非常冷,平均气温在零下10摄氏度到7摄氏度之间,高山地区有很多雪,其中有很多。阿尔卑斯山在这里有很好的代表性,占据了大约75%的国土,所以阿尔卑斯山的条件占优势。奥地利主要城市的每日天气状况可在网上查阅。

娱乐
在国家、邻国和整个欧洲旅行。开车和火车的距离如此之近,你会被宠坏而无法选择:例如布拉格和布达佩斯只是几个可以考虑的选择。奥地利是一个冬天的仙境,那些喜欢寒冷和雪的人有很多选择。世界一流的滑雪胜地是冬季最受欢迎的地方,即使你不特别喜欢滑雪,它们的环境也令人叹为观止。你可以探索周围地区,在度假胜地放松,参观附近的城镇和村庄。去多瑙河流域一日游。参观霍夫堡,统治哈布斯堡家族六百多年的皇宫。足球(奥地利足球协会)和冰球(奥地利曲棍球联盟)非常受欢迎,绝对应该在你的名单上。古典音乐会仍然在欧洲一些最美丽和历史悠久的音乐厅举行。

奥地利拥有一切。现代城市和基础设施、辉煌的历史、邻近欧洲其他地区、一流的教育、惊人的自然美景、文化、美食和冰球。你不再需要什么了…

Austria. Home to Sigmund Freud, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Victor Hess, Franz Schubert, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Christian Doppler, and Hedy Lamarr. Even Ludwig van Beethoven, who was German, couldn’t resist the pull of Vienna and spent much of his career there. It’s a beautiful country, an outdoor fan’s paradise with plenty of mountains, lakes, woodlands, historic cities as well as charming towns and villages. And despite your belief that you don’t know much about the country, you might be surprised. Anyone looking to live and work in central Europe should give Austria some serious consideration.

A Bit of Background
Austria has a long and fascinating history, and often found itself part of events much larger than the country itself. Ruled by the House of Habsburg for just over six hundred years, and part of the Holy Roman Empire for much of that time, the last ruler (Charles I) unofficially stepped down in 1918. This paved the way for Austria in the modern sense, and the Republic of Austria came into existence in 1919.

The country is a federal parliamentary republic based on the constitution of 1920, with a president elected by the people. Austria divides her 84,000 square km (107th largest in the world) into nine separate states. The country is landlocked in central Europe, sharing a border with Germany (and German is its official language), the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Hungary, Italy, Switzerland, and Slovakia. Its largest and most famous city is the storied capital of Vienna. Austria and its 8.5 million citizens joined the European Union in 1995.

Visas and Immigration
Getting the necessary permits and visas to live and work in Austria is a straightforward procedure. To begin with, you’re most likely need to apply for the Red-White-Red Card, which allows you to live and work in country with ONE employer (who basically sponsors your application) for one year. If you change employers during that time, you’ll need to get a new card. In order to qualify, you need to fall under one of the following categories: highly qualified workers, skilled workers in shortage occupations, or other key workers. Each has their specific requirements, and each must reach a minimum total of the Austrian point system that is tied to visa applications (you’re awarded points for each criterion that you meet).

Additionally, there is a Red-White-Red Plus Card that permits you to live and work with unrestricted employers. You may apply for it after successful completion of your first 12 months working in Austria. Finally, there is also a Jobseeker Visa for Highly Qualified Workers. If you score at least 70 out of 100 on the points system, it grants you a 6-month visa for the purpose of job search in country. All of these visas and cards require the completion of the Integration Agreement, which is designed to ensure that everyone living and working in Austria has basic German language skills.

Austrian citizenship can be acquired after ten years of continuous residence, and after meeting various other criteria (including German proficiency).

Housing
Finding suitable housing in Austria shouldn’t be too difficult. Rental apartments are most plentiful in urban settings, and the big cities provide plenty of choice. Austria recognises two types of rental agreement – a primary leasehold (between you and the owner), and a sublet. A limited tenancy agreement is for a minimum of three years. Check out the list of Realtors in Austria, an apartment rental website like Apartment Service Vienna, contact an established real estate firm like Engel & Volkers, or consider the classifieds such as those on Craigslist Vienna.
Apartments. Houses. Chalets. Villas. Cabins…Austria has them all. Look around.

Education
Education in Austria is shared by both federal and state governments. Schooling is compulsory up to age 15, with the final year (Gr.9) completed at a polytechnic school in preparation for an apprenticeship (3-4 years of additional training and on-the-job experience) after graduation. There are schools available that continue past the 9th grade, with a culminating “graduation exam” (called the Matura) at the end. Students wishing to attend an Austrian college or university must take and pass the Matura. Additionally, private/international schools (such as the American International School in Vienna and the Salzburg International Preparatory School) make up about 8% of the national total of educational institutions. The state-funded public schools in Austria, though, are widely considered some of the best in Europe.

Climate
Austria is best known for its winter scenery and sports, but it does actually have a distinct summer, where temperatures can reach a relatively high mid-20s (and up). Its fabled winters can be very cold (-10’C to 7’C on average) with plenty of snow in the alpine areas, of which there is much. The Alps are well represented here, dominated roughly 75% of the country, so alpine conditions prevail. Daily weather conditions for major cities in Austria are available online.

Entertainment
Travel in country, its neighbours, and Europe as a whole. With so much within driving and train distance, you’ll be spoiled for choice: Prague and Budapest for instance are just a few options to consider. Austria is a winter wonderland, and those of you in love with the cold and snow have a plethora of options available to you. World-class ski resorts are the top draw during the winter months, and even if you don’t particularly love skiing, their environments are simply breathtaking. You can explore the surrounding area, relax in the resort, visit nearby towns and villages. Take a daytrip to the Danube Valley. Visit the Hofburg, the imperial palace of the ruling Habsburg family for over six hundred years. Football (Austrian Football Association) and ice hockey (Austrian Hockey League) enjoy tremendous popularity, and should definitely be on your list. Classical music concerts still take place in some of Europe’s most beautiful and historic concert halls.

Austria has it all. Modern cities and infrastructure, glorious history, proximity to the rest of Europe, top-notch education, stunning natural beauty, culture, cuisine, and ice hockey. There’s nothing more you need…

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/relocate-to-austria

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