如何掌握白俄罗斯的商务礼仪

Doing business in Belarus can be quite a difficult endeavour because of a variety of factors: a poor infrastructure, a weak financial system due to the economic collapse and its dependence upon other nations. Of course, with downfall also comes the possibility of business opportunities.
由于多种因素,在白俄罗斯开展业务可能会非常困难:基础设施落后,经济崩溃导致金融体系薄弱以及对其他国家的依赖。 当然,经济下滑也会带来商机。

During the Soviet Union, Belarus maintained a strong and successful industrial base. Soon after the Soviet Union collapsed, Belarus kept this industrial base, but did not develop it. This has now left Belarus with an infrastructure that is outdated, energy inefficient and reliant on nearby countries, such as Russia, for both energy and markets.
在苏联时期,白俄罗斯保持了强大而成功的工业基础。 苏联解体后不久,白俄罗斯保留了这一工业基础,但没有发展。 现在,白俄罗斯的基础设施已经过时,能源效率低下,并且在能源和市场方面都依赖于俄罗斯等邻国。

Although Belarus still hasn?t reached a premier economic status, its adoption of capitalism, free markets and private property rights allowed the fledgling country to experience some level of wealth. Right now, it is prospering from a $150 billion gross domestic product because of its machinery tools, tractors, trucks, fertilizers and textiles.
尽管白俄罗斯还没有达到首要的经济地位,但由于采用了资本主义,自由市场和私有财产权,这个新兴国家获得了一定程度的财富。 目前,由于其机械工具,拖拉机,卡车,化肥和纺织品,该国的国内生产总值(GDP)已达1500亿美元,正在蒸蒸日上。

One major advantage that Belarus enjoys is a very low unemployment rate which amount to one percent. Many critics inside Belarus attribute to some of its economic successes to various bailouts it has received from Russia and the European Union, while others say it?s because it has sold off its assets to the Russians.
白俄罗斯享有的一大优势是失业率非常低,仅为百分之一。 白俄罗斯国内的许多批评家将其在经济上的成功归因于它从俄罗斯和欧盟获得的各种救助,而另一些人则说这是因为它已将其资产出售给了俄罗斯人。

In any case, Belarus welcomes all kinds of business. Here are five business etiquettes to know in Belarus:
无论如何,白俄罗斯欢迎各种业务。 以下是白俄罗斯的五种商务礼仪:

Communication
Russian and Belarusian are the two official languages of Belarus – Russian is the most-spoken language, though. Polish and Ukrainian is also uttered but by a very small population in certain regions of the country.
In conversations, Belarusians are very honest and direct. They usually say what they mean and what they are thinking. In formal or informal settings, Belarusians are commanding in their requests and questions. This can be considered rude to outsiders.
To someone who is alien to the Belarusian culture, it can be rather intimidating because men feel comfortable with invading somebody?s personal space. Touching is also apparent in conversations between men and women.
When situated in a business meeting, direct eye contact is crucial. However, if there is too much eye contact between men and women then it can be misconstrued as flirting.
通讯
俄语和白俄罗斯语是白俄罗斯的两种官方语言-但是俄语是最常用的语言。 也有波兰语和乌克兰语,但该国某些地区人口很少。
在对话中,白俄罗斯人非常诚实和直接。 他们通常会说出他们的意思和想法。 在正式或非正式场合,白俄罗斯人都在要求和提出要求。 可以认为这对局外人是无礼的。
对于与白俄罗斯文化陌生的人来说,这可能是相当令人生畏的,因为男人对入侵某人的个人空间感到自在。 在男女之间的对话中,触摸也很明显。
在商务会议中,直接的眼神交流至关重要。 但是,如果男女之间的眼神交流过多,则可能被误解为调情。

Dress Code
Men usually wear suits and ties wherever they go, particularly black and gray with some dark colors. Women are more conservative in their attire than Western females as they wear mid-length skirts and jackets.
着装要求
男士通常无论身在何处都穿西装和领带,尤其是黑色和灰色,有些暗色。 与西方女性相比,女性在穿着方面更为保守,因为她们穿着中长裙和夹克。

Greetings
When men greet men for the first time then it is required to maintain direct eye contact and have a firm handshake. Light hugs are only permitted by longtime friends and family members. When women greet women in an initial meeting then a simple handshake and nod will be the custom. Three different kinds of kisses take place between close friends and relatives. If a man meets a woman for the very first time then there is no touching at all. If a man tries to shake the hand of a woman then it would be considered odd.
问候
当男人第一次向男人打招呼时,则需要保持直接的眼神交流和牢固的握手。 长期的朋友和家人只允许轻拥抱。 当女性在初次会议上向女性打招呼时,习惯就是简单的握手和点头。 亲朋好友之间会发生三种不同的吻。 如果一个男人第一次遇到一个女人,那么根本就没有碰触。 如果男人试图与女人握手,那将被认为是奇怪的。

Professional Titles & Business Cards
Instead of saying Mr. and Mrs., a person will say ?Imya Otchestvo,? which is a person?s middle name of a variation of their father’s first given name. For men, the ending is ?-ovich? and for women it?s ?-yevna.?
专业头衔和名片
一个人会说“ Imya Otchestvo”,而不是说夫妻。 这是一个人的名字,是他们父亲的名字的变体。 对于男人来说,结尾是?-ovich? 对女人来说是?-yevna。

There are no specific rules as to how to distribute and receive business cards.
对于如何分发和接收名片,没有特定的规则。

Punctuality
If you say that you?ll be somewhere at a certain time then you have to be there at a certain time. Belarusians are rather punctual but also understand if there is an unforeseen event or unexpected occurrence that was out of the individual?s control.
Belarus has greatly changed since the days of the Soviet empire. Rather than being a place filled with suffering and unhappiness, the Belarusian people have transformed the country into a somewhat affluent region with a hard working labor force and a combination of cultural heritage and neoteric economic models.
Have you previously conducted business in Belarus? Let us know in the comment section.
守时
如果您说您会在某个时间到某处,那么您必须在某个时间到那儿。 白俄罗斯人很守时,但也了解个人无法控制的意外事件或意外事件。
自苏联帝国时代以来,白俄罗斯发生了巨大变化。 白俄罗斯人民不是一个充满苦难和不幸的地方,而是把该国变成了一个富裕的地区,这里有辛勤的劳动力,并结合了文化遗产和现代经济模式。
您以前在白俄罗斯开展过业务吗? 在评论部分让我们知道。

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/master-business-etiquette-in-belarus

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