如何在奥地利掌握商务礼仪

Austria is one of the most historic places in all of Europe. The Schonbrunn Palace, the Hofburg Palace, the Vienna State Opera, the Salzburg Cathedral and the Prater are just some of the destinations to visit when you arrive in Austria. Of course, Austria is more than Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Erich von Stronheim, Archduke Charles or Herbert von Karajan, it’s also an important business district and economic hub.
奥地利是全欧洲最具历史意义的地方之一。当您抵达奥地利时,舍伯恩宫、霍夫堡宫、维也纳国家歌剧院、萨尔茨堡大教堂和普拉特只是您游览的目的地之一。当然,奥地利不仅仅是沃尔夫冈·阿马德乌斯·莫扎特、埃里希·冯·斯特伦海姆、查理大公或赫伯特·冯·卡拉扬,它还是一个重要的商业区和经济中心。

With a gross domestic product of $361 billion, it maintains one of the lowest unemployment rates in the European Union (4.9 percent) and a three percent budget deficit. Its primary industries consist of construction, machinery, tourism, vehicles and food.
国内生产总值为3610亿美元,保持着欧盟最低的失业率(4.9%)和3%的预算赤字。它的主要产业包括建筑、机械、旅游、汽车和食品。

Indeed, Austria has a stable market economy with a skilled labor force that enjoys a high standard of living. Although it’s situated in an unstable regional territory, Austria still has plenty to offer to those who wish to do business in Austria or establish a new career in a foreign country.
事实上,奥地利拥有稳定的市场经济,熟练劳动力享有高生活水平。尽管奥地利位于一个不稳定的地区,但对于那些希望在奥地利做生意或在国外建立新事业的人来说,它仍然有很多东西可以提供。

Here are five business etiquettes to know in Austria:
奥地利有五个商业礼仪:

Communication
Of course, German is the primary language of Austria. However, since it resides near many countries that suffer from domestic strife and weak economies, there are many languages being spoken, such as Turkish, Serbian, Hungarian, Carinthia and Slovene.
Despite the different language, Austrians still perform the standard customs: individuals who meet for the first time shake hands when greeting one another – when men and women greet it’s best to wait for the lady to initiate the handshake. As time goes by and you become more acquainted with others then a simple hello and light hug will suffice.
Austrians are direct but rather polite in what they say. There is a tendency to be reserved in first meetings, but they will open up as they get to know you. Honesty and straightness are traits that Austrians share in conversations, whether they’re strangers or longtime friends.
沟通
当然,德语是奥地利的主要语言。然而,由于它居住在许多遭受内乱和经济疲软的国家附近,因此有许多语言在使用,例如土耳其语、塞尔维亚语、匈牙利语、卡林西亚语和斯洛文尼亚语。
尽管语言不同,奥地利人仍然遵守标准的习俗:初次见面的人在互相问候时握手——当男人和女人问候时,最好等待女士主动握手。随着时间的推移,你越来越了解别人,那么一个简单的问候和轻轻的拥抱就足够了。
奥地利人说话直接但相当礼貌。初次见面时有保留的倾向,但当他们了解你时,会敞开心扉。诚实正直是奥地利人在交谈中的共同特征,无论他们是陌生人还是长期朋友。

Dress Code
Attire varies from industry to industry. However, it can be defined as business casual: men will wear conservative outfits (suits, shirt and tie) and women will sport modest business suits, dresses or pants with a blouse. It’s crucial to make sure your shoes and boots are clean and polished.
着装规范
服装因行业而异。然而,它可以被定义为商务休闲:男人会穿保守的服装(套装、衬衫和领带),而女人会穿普通的商务套装、连衣裙或裤子搭配衬衫。确保你的鞋子和靴子干净整洁是至关重要的。

Greetings
It’s important to understand the difference between “gruss gott,” which is similar to hello/good morning/afternoon/evening, and “gruss dich,” which is akin to hey. The former is uttered in formal instances, while the ladder is said in more casual situations.
问候
理解与你好/早上好/下午好/晚上相似的“gruss gott”和与嘿相似的“gruss dich”之间的区别是很重要的。前者是在正式场合说的,而梯子是在更随意的场合说的。

Professional Titles & Business Cards
In an initial meeting, it’s wise to use Mr. (Herr) and Mrs. (Frau) followed by their title and surname. If the other person introduces themselves with their first name then you are permitted to address them as such, but only if any specific instructions are omitted.
Although there are no specific rules when it comes to giving and receiving business cards, the common sense approach is to treat them with care and respect.
职称和名片
在初次见面时,明智的做法是在称呼(先生)和(夫人)之后加上他们的头衔和姓氏。如果另一个人用他们的名字介绍自己,那么你就可以这样称呼他们,但前提是省略了任何具体的说明。
虽然在收发名片方面没有具体的规则,但常识性的方法是小心和尊重名片。

Punctuality
This is one of the most important values in Austria: punctuality. It is expected of each person to be prompt for appointments, meetings and services – deadlines and agendas are required to be met without excuses. In social arrangements, it’s best to not be more than 10 to 15 minutes late.
Austria is a beautiful, clean and historic nation, and its people, which have gone through hard times in the past, most notably during the First and Second World Wars, are organized, polite and hard working. They expect the same characteristics from their fellow men. When you’re in Vienna, Salzburg, Linz or Klagenfurt, you must abide by the same series of customs.
正确
这是奥地利最重要的价值观之一:准时。人们期望每个人都能及时获得约会、会议和服务——要求在没有借口的情况下遵守最后期限和议程。在社交场合,迟到最好不要超过10到15分钟。
奥地利是一个美丽、干净和具有历史意义的国家,它的人民过去经历过困难时期,最显著的是在第一次和第二次世界大战期间,他们有组织、有礼貌和努力工作。他们期望他们的同伴也有同样的特征。当你在维也纳、萨尔茨堡、林茨或克拉根福时,你必须遵守同样的一系列习俗。

Have you previously conducted business in Austria? Let us know in the comment section.
你以前在奥地利做生意吗?请在评论部分告诉我们。

https://www.careeraddict.com/master-business-etiquette-in-austria

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