如何移民到墨西哥

From 2009 to 2012, a large number of Mexicans have migrated to the USA. Currently, the American population contains over three-quarters of Mexico’s one million documented immigrants (up from two-thirds in 2000).
从2009年到2012年,大量墨西哥人移居美国。目前,美国人口占墨西哥一百万有证件移民的四分之三以上(高于2000年的三分之二)。

But it’s not only the Mexicans who immigrate to the US, a countless number of Americans migrate to Mexico in pursuit of a warmer climate. It’s been determined that the cost of living in Mexico is 40 – 50% cheaper than in the USA. Likewise, sunny beaches and “eternal spring” mountains attract Americans who are tired of cold winters and rainy weather.
但是移民到美国的不仅仅是墨西哥人,还有无数的美国人为了追求更温暖的气候而移民到墨西哥。已经确定,墨西哥的生活成本比美国低40-50%。同样,阳光明媚的海滩和“永恒的春天”山脉吸引了厌倦寒冷冬天和多雨天气的美国人。

1. Visas in Mexico
Since new laws went into effect in November 2012, attaining legal citizenship in Mexico has become more difficult. However, there are two types of temporary visas (Visas de Residente Temporal) that have been modified through a radical change.
墨西哥签证
自2012年11月新法律生效以来,在墨西哥获得合法公民身份变得更加困难。然而,有两种类型的临时签证(临时居留签证)已经通过彻底的改变进行了修改。

The first is a temporary work visa and it is valid provided one has a local job. Before applying for one, an immigrant must understand the legal working system. Americans who attain one do so providing they perform jobs a native Mexican can’t do so well, for example, teach English.
第一种是临时工作签证,如果你有本地工作,它是有效的。在申请之前,移民必须了解合法的工作制度。如果美国人做的工作是本土墨西哥人做不到的,比如说,教英语,那么他们就能做到。

The second is a non-working visa which requires one to show proof of their ability to support themselves. This means an individual must have an income of at least $2,000 a month and a couple, $2,500 monthly. If approved through an embassy consul, a family is required to earn an additional $500 per dependent. For retirees, the minimal income is less assuming they own assets in savings and real estate. This income figures are roughly 400 times the minimum wage in Mexico, which is between 63.77 and 67.29 pesos (approximately $5.00 in the US). In lieu of proof of income, one can show having at least $126,000 in assets.
第二种是非工作签证,要求一个人证明自己有能力养活自己。这意味着一个人每月必须有至少2000美元的收入,一对夫妇每月必须有2500美元的收入。如果得到大使馆领事的批准,一个家庭需要为每个受抚养人多挣500美元。对于退休人员来说,假设他们拥有储蓄和房地产资产,最低收入就更少了。这一收入数字大约是墨西哥最低工资的400倍,最低工资在63.77至67.29比索之间(美国约为5.00美元)。代替收入证明,人们可以证明至少有126,000美元的资产。

2. Applying For a Visa
According to the new requirements, you must apply for a visa in your home country -not in Mexico. Before late 2012, anyone could enter the country on a 180-day tourist visa and was not rushed into applying for residency. Those who enter Mexico without a tourist visa must return to the US prior to applying. In order to obtain paper forms now, one must physically present him/herself at a Mexican embassy or consulate.
申请签证
根据新的要求,你必须在你的祖国申请签证,而不是在墨西哥。在2012年底之前,任何人都可以持180天的旅游签证入境,并且不会匆忙申请居留。那些没有旅游签证进入墨西哥的人必须在申请前返回美国。为了现在获得纸质表格,必须亲自到墨西哥大使馆或领事馆。

Some embassies and consulates will provide you with a list of required documents, while others will email the list to you. It is best to bring all the papers mentioned on the list in case you need them. Plan on staying in the embassy’s town several days as more than one documents will be required to be obtained. Common requirements are a marriage license, birth certificate, pay stubs, and 12 months of bank statements (notarized by the bank). Those who bank electronically should visit their banks for printouts rather than print them out on a home computer.
一些大使馆和领事馆会向您提供所需文件的列表,而其他大使馆和领事馆会通过电子邮件向您发送该列表。最好带上清单上提到的所有文件,以防你需要。计划在大使馆所在的城镇停留几天,因为需要获得一份以上的文件。常见的要求是结婚证、出生证明、工资单和12个月的银行对账单(经银行公证)。那些电子银行的人应该去银行打印,而不是在家用电脑上打印。

If you receive a salary from a company, you will need copies of months of pay stubs to determine your income, not your past tax returns. After the application is submitted, it will take several days before it is processed and approved. When the visa is complete, you must pay a fee of $35 per person and you’ll receive the visa which will be attached on a page of your passport. However, this is only a photo ID. You can file for residency after you’ve been to Mexico for a period of over 30 days.
如果你从一家公司领取工资,你需要几个月的工资单复印件来确定你的收入,而不是你过去的纳税申报单。申请提交后,需要几天时间才能得到处理和批准。当签证完成后,你必须支付每人35美元的费用,你将会收到附在你护照上的签证。然而,这只是一个照片标识。你可以在去墨西哥超过30天后申请居留。

3. Filing For Residency
While you wait for your residency visa you cannot leave Mexico. To file for the residency you’re required to fill out an online form (in Spanish). You will need your passport photos and a receipt of the money paid to the consulate or embassy. You must then bring these documents to a government agency for additional processing for a fee which is approximately $40 to $60. However, the overall visa fee is high, about 3,310 pesos (approximately $240). This amount is to be paid annually if you wish to remain a resident there. Unfortunately, recent applicants are rarely approved for a second year.
申请居留权
当你等待居留签证时,你不能离开墨西哥。要申请居留权,你需要填写在线表格(西班牙语)。你需要护照照片和支付给领事馆或大使馆的收据。然后,您必须将这些文件带到政府机构进行额外处理,费用约为40至60美元。然而,签证总费用很高,约为3,310比索(约240美元)。如果你想继续留在那里,每年都要支付这笔钱。不幸的是,最近的申请者很少第二年获得批准。

Following that, you must report back to the embassy or consulate within seven to 10 days. At this stage, you must give them your fingerprints. The overall process can be a bit difficult because any minor mistake might lead to disapproval. If everything goes well you can monitor the visa process online to find out when you must report back to the immigration office.
之后,你必须在7到10天内向大使馆或领事馆报告。在这个阶段,你必须给他们你的指纹。整个过程可能有点困难,因为任何小错误都可能导致不赞成。如果一切顺利,你可以在线监控签证过程,以确定何时必须向移民局报到。

4. Receiving Your ID Card
After you’ve received your residency (or CURP) card, you must show it when leaving or re-entering Mexico. Before children can be registered into the school system, they will need a CURP card as well. Those attending private schools might be able to do so on a tourist visa.
接收您的身份证
在你收到居留(或CURP)卡后,你必须在离开或重新进入墨西哥时出示它。在儿童可以注册进入学校系统之前,他们还需要一张CURP卡。那些在私立学校上学的人也许可以持旅游签证。

Once you’ve acquired legal status, you are eligible for discounts, while you can also open a bank account. As you enter the national health system, you are required to fill out additional paperwork and undergo a physical. After four years, you become a permanent legal resident and you no longer need to reapply and pay annual fees. If you pay your bills on a timely basis, you might not have to comply with the income requirements (a law which is not fully enforced anyway). Finally, when traveling through the airport, you can go through the line reserved for Mexicans instead of through the longer foreigner’s line.
一旦你获得合法身份,你就有资格享受折扣,同时你也可以开立一个银行账户。当你进入国家卫生系统时,你需要填写额外的文件并进行体检。四年后,你成为永久合法居民,你不再需要重新申请和支付年费。如果你及时支付账单,你可能不需要遵守收入要求(一项无论如何都没有完全执行的法律)。最后,当你在机场旅行时,你可以通过为墨西哥人保留的线路,而不是较长的外国人线路。

If you have trouble meeting the regular income requirements, you can stay 180 days and seek out additional income during that time. You can leave within the 180 days and return later by applying for another tourist visa, but if you do this too many times, you may arouse suspicion.
如果你在满足正常收入要求方面有困难,你可以呆180天,并在此期间寻求额外收入。你可以在180天内离开,然后通过申请另一个旅游签证回来,但是如果你这样做太多次,你可能会引起怀疑。

For more info, find a message board for the area where you’re planning to live and inquire about new arrivals. You can use this Mexican residency e-book for additional help.
有关更多信息,请在您计划居住的地区找到留言板,并询问新来者。你可以使用这本墨西哥住院医师电子书获得更多帮助。

Applying for permanent residency in Mexico is a long and arduous process. Possibly, this inefficient system might have been created to test one’s patience. Still, immigrating into Mexico is more straightforward than entering into the USA. If you have any tips on how to go through this process please let us know in the comment section below.
申请墨西哥永久居留权是一个漫长而艰难的过程。这种低效的系统可能是为了考验一个人的耐心而创建的。然而,移民到墨西哥比进入美国更简单。如果你对如何完成这个过程有任何建议,请在下面的评论部分告诉我们。

原文:
How to Immigrate to Mexico
https://www.careeraddict.com/immigrate-to-mexico

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