如何移民迪拜——你需要知道的一切

Immigrating to Dubai – the jewel in the United Arab Emirates’ particularly glittering crown – is a major upheaval, and not for people unprepared for an entirely different culture; after all, there are many abrupt differences to overcome, such as local customs, language, climate and religion. But as a country that has one of the highest expat ratios in the world, visitors will find Dubai a very welcoming and friendly place. It’s also much more affordable than its reputation may lead you to believe.
移民到迪拜——阿拉伯联合酋长国特别闪亮的皇冠上的宝石——是一个重大的剧变,对那些对完全不同的文化毫无准备的人来说并非如此;毕竟,有许多突发的差异需要克服,比如当地的风俗、语言、气候和宗教。但作为一个拥有世界上最高外籍人口比例的国家,游客会发现迪拜是一个非常受欢迎和友好的地方。它也比它的名声让你相信的要便宜得多。

Dubai’s economy has evolved since the halycon days of commodities trading and oil exporting, and is built now on financial services, logistics, real estate, construction, hospitality and tourism. This diversification, along with Dubai’s strategic location, top-notch infrastructure and ‘ease of business’ philosophy, makes it a prime destination for many multinational corporations, as well as the workers who are willing to move there to further their careers.
迪拜的经济自大宗商品交易和石油出口的黄金时代以来就一直在发展,现在建立在金融服务、物流、房地产、建筑、酒店和旅游业的基础上。这种多元化,加上迪拜的战略位置、一流的基础设施和“方便经营”的理念,使得迪拜成为许多跨国公司以及愿意搬到那里去发展事业的工人的首选目的地。

Permanent Residency Requirements
It’s important to secure a job before you relocate to Dubai because the first step for living in the country involves obtaining a residence permit, which then allows you to get a work permit. As an expat, you will also need to present your residence permit when opening a bank account, renting a property, or registering a car, so it’s a hugely important step. To get a residency permit, you will need to be sponsorsed by the company that is employing you. Note, as well, that there are several types of residence visa in the UAE.
永久居留要求
在你搬迁到迪拜之前找到一份工作是很重要的,因为在这个国家生活的第一步是获得居留许可,然后获得工作许可。作为一名外籍人士,在开立银行账户、租赁房产或登记汽车时,你还需要出示居住证,所以这是非常重要的一步。要获得居留许可,你需要得到雇佣你的公司的赞助。请注意,阿联酋有几种类型的居留签证。

In general, the employer undertakes the responsibility for submitting all the relevant documents, which consists mainly of the application form, the original (and a copy of) the sponsored person’s passport, passport-sized photos, the employment permit issued by the Ministry of Labour, and any other relevant paperwork.
一般而言,雇主负责提交所有相关文件,主要包括申请表、被担保人护照原件(和复印件)、护照大小的照片、劳动部颁发的就业许可证以及任何其他相关文件。

The most essential steps you need to follow to make the move are:
Undergo a health check
Apply for a work permit
Obtain a residency visa
Acquire any relevant qualifications that are required in the UAE
Own a passport that is valid for at least another 6 months
采取行动需要遵循的最基本步骤是:
接受健康检查
申请工作许可证
获得居留签证
获取阿联酋要求的任何相关资格
拥有有效期至少为6个月的护照

Working Hours
It is important to note that, while working hours may differ from business to business, the traditional working week in the UAE is from Sunday to Thursday, with some retail and other businesses opening six days a week and closing only on Fridays (designated as a holy day in the Islamic world).
Typical business hours are 08:00 to 13:00, resuming from 16:00 until 19:00 (when temperatures cool down) although, during Ramadan, working days may be shorter. Free Zones may also have different working hours.
工作时间
值得注意的是,虽然不同企业的工作时间可能有所不同,但阿联酋的传统工作周是从周日到周四,一些零售和其他企业每周营业六天,仅在周五(伊斯兰世界指定为神圣的一天)关闭。
典型的营业时间是08:00到13:00,从16:00恢复到19:00(当温度下降时),尽管在斋月期间,工作日可能会更短。自由区也可能有不同的工作时间。

Working Conditions and Benefits
The working week in Dubai tends to vary between 40 and 48 hours, depending on the employer’s policy. Expat workers are generally very well paid, with the majority of employers offering packages that cover basic salary, medical cover, air travel for home visits, housing provision or allowance and other company-specific perks and benefits. In some cases, there are performance-related bonuses on offer, too, particularly in the finance sector. Contract workers also benefit from an ‘indemnity’, which is an end-of-contract bonus paid to expatriate workers as a form of gratitude for their service to the state.
工作时间
值得注意的是,虽然不同企业的工作时间可能有所不同,但阿联酋的传统工作周是从周日到周四,一些零售和其他企业每周营业六天,仅在周五(伊斯兰世界指定为神圣的一天)关闭。
典型的营业时间是08:00到13:00,从16:00恢复到19:00(当温度下降时),尽管在斋月期间,工作日可能会更短。自由区也可能有不同的工作时间。

In general, working flexible or part-time hours is not the norm in Dubai, with most employees operating on full-time work contracts.
总的来说,弹性工作时间或兼职工作时间在迪拜并不常见,大多数员工都是根据全职工作合同工作的。

Property Rental Prices
If you plan to search for your own accommodation, then bear in mind that most rental properties are leased on a one-year contract. The amount of the deposit generally depends on the exclusivity of the neighbourhood, how much competition for the property there is and, to some extent, your own negotiation skills. In some cases, you might even be asked to pay the entire annual rent upfront, although it may be wise to seek the services of a specialist property provider in such instances.
房产租赁价格
如果你计划寻找自己的住处,那么请记住,大多数租赁房产都是以一年的合同租赁的。押金的数额通常取决于邻近地区的排他性、对房产的竞争程度以及在某种程度上你自己的谈判技巧。在某些情况下,你甚至可能被要求提前支付全年租金,尽管在这种情况下寻求专业的房地产提供商的服务可能是明智的。

Cost of Living
Although Dubai’s property costs have dropped significantly since the recession in 2008, renting is still a significant expense. To be able to live comfortably in Dubai, it’s generally estimated that your accommodation expenditure should not amount to more than 20% of your annual net salary.
生活费用
尽管自2008年经济衰退以来,迪拜的房地产成本大幅下降,但租房仍然是一项巨大的支出。为了能够在迪拜舒适地生活,一般估计你的住宿支出不应超过你年薪净额的20%。

Bear in mind, too, that rental costs rarely include utility bills. As an estimate, electricity and water consumption costs are around AED 1,200 ($327) per month for a small two-bedroom apartment, although during the extremely hot summer months, those costs are likely to be much higher.
也要记住,租金很少包括水电费。据估计,一套两居室的小公寓每月的电费和水费约为1200 AED元(327美元),尽管在酷热的夏季,这些费用可能会高得多。

When it comes to food and groceries, your expenditure will ultimately depend on your own shopping preferences. Buying local products is a better idea for saving money than opting for international brands that are exported at a premium, but, as a guide, you should expect to pay anything between AED 300 ($82) and AED 1,000 ($272) on groceries each week.
说到食物和杂货,你的支出最终将取决于你自己的购物偏好。购买本地产品比选择高价出口的国际品牌省钱,但是作为一个指导,你应该期望每周在食品杂货上支付AED 300美元(82美元)到AED 1000美元(272美元)之间的任何费用。

Luckily, renting a car in Dubai from a reputable rental agency is not too expensive. A Toyota Yaris, for example, will cost you roughly AED 1,500 ($408) per month with an additional AED 400 ($109) for fuel.
幸运的是,在迪拜从一家信誉良好的租赁机构租车并不太贵。例如,一辆丰田雅力士每月大约要花费你1500 AED(408美元),外加400 AED(109美元)的燃油。

Transportation
If you’d prefer not to drive, then Dubai boasts an excellent public transport system, with buses, taxis and water taxis complementing the state-of-the-art Dubai Metro. But, if you want to travel to some of the further expanses of the city, or even make the longer trip to the neighbouring emirates such as Abu Dhabi or Sharjah, then a car is very highly recommended.
运输
如果你不喜欢开车,那么迪拜拥有一个优秀的公共交通系统,公共汽车、出租车和水上出租车是最先进的迪拜地铁的补充。但是,如果你想去城市更广阔的地方旅行,或者甚至想去邻近的酋长国,比如阿布扎比或沙迦,那么非常推荐一辆车。

Education
Dubai offers a variety of schooling options for working parents, including daycare services, nurseries, primary schools and the numerous private schools that cater to the large international population. Primary education costs range between AED 20,000 ($5,446) to AED 28,000 ($7,624) in schools with a Western curriculum, while costs for one of the more reputable international high schools are even higher, ranging from AED 40,000 ($10,982) to AED 90,000 ($24,506). Note that many private companies offer packages that cover all, or part of, these tuition fees.
教育
迪拜为在职父母提供多种多样的学校教育选择,包括日托服务、托儿所、小学和许多私立学校,以满足大量国际人口的需求。在采用西方课程的学校中,初等教育费用从AED的20,000美元(5,446美元)到AED的28,000美元(7,624美元)不等,而一所较著名的国际高中的费用甚至更高,从AED的40,000美元(10,982美元)到AED的90,000美元(24,506美元)不等。请注意,许多私营公司提供涵盖全部或部分学费的套餐。

Healthcare Facilities
Dubai is home to a highly developed health system with first-class healthcare standards across the board. UAE residents are allowed to use public hospitals and clinics for free (or for a small fee) while expats can use public hospitals once they have successfully applied for a health card from the Department of Health and Medical Services (DOHMS).
保健设施
迪拜拥有高度发达的医疗体系,医疗标准一流。阿联酋居民可以免费(或收取少量费用)使用公立医院和诊所,而外籍人士一旦成功向卫生和医疗服务部申请健康卡,就可以使用公立医院。

Cultural Differences
The main religion in Dubai is Islam, although it is worth noting that the government is a lot more liberal than in other nearby emirates. For example, non-Muslim celebrations such as Christmas and Easter are celebrated by several retail stores, including the selling of decorations and foods for these occasions. These courtesies are not to be abused, however, and cultural differences – and laws – should be respected and observed both ways at all times.
This is especially true during the holy month of Ramadan, where both Muslims and non-Muslims are expected to follow religious practice and avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public during the fasting hours.
文化差异
迪拜的主要宗教是伊斯兰教,尽管值得注意的是,政府比附近其他酋长国更加自由。例如,一些零售店庆祝非穆斯林节日,如圣诞节和复活节,包括为这些场合出售装饰品和食物。然而,这些礼节不应该被滥用,文化差异和法律应该始终得到尊重和遵守。
在神圣的斋月期间尤其如此,穆斯林和非穆斯林都应遵循宗教惯例,避免在斋戒时间在公共场所进食、饮酒和吸烟。

Meanwhile, although Arabic is the official language of the UAE, English is the most widely spoken language in Dubai. While you can get by without Arabic (most of the road signs are in both Arabic and English, for instance), it is still a good idea to try and learn some basic Arabic, especially if you work closely with Emirati locals.
与此同时,尽管阿拉伯语是阿联酋的官方语言,但英语是迪拜最广泛使用的语言。虽然你可以不用阿拉伯语(例如,大多数路标都是阿拉伯语和英语的),但是尝试学习一些基本的阿拉伯语仍然是一个好主意,尤其是如果你和阿联酋当地人密切合作的话。

Immigrating to Dubai is a dream for the many expats who wish to combine a high standard of living with a solid career. Make the most of the information outlined above to make living and working in this wealthy region as enjoyable as possible.
对于许多希望将高生活水平与扎实的职业生涯结合起来的外籍人士来说,移居迪拜是一个梦想。充分利用上述信息,尽可能让在这个富裕地区生活和工作变得愉快。

Have you ever lived or worked in Dubai? Share your experiences with us in the comment section below…
This article was originally published in April 2015
你曾经在迪拜生活或工作过吗?在下面的评论部分与我们分享您的经验…
这篇文章最初发表于2015年4月

原文:
How to Immigrate to Dubai – All You Need to Know
https://www.careeraddict.com/immigrate-to-dubai

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