如何在乌克兰获得工作签证

According to recent legislation passed in the Ukraine, a foreigner must obtain a work permit in order to legally obtain wages in the country. After a work permit is obtained, the second step is to apply for a work visa. In the past, foreigners had been permitted to register as private entrepreneurs and provide services as a consultant, tutor or translator etc. However, they also needed to pay a fixed monthly tax. This article will address the process of how to get a work permit and then a work visa in the Ukraine.
根据乌克兰最近通过的立法,外国人必须获得工作许可证才能在该国合法获得工资。获得工作许可证后,第二步是申请工作签证。过去,外国人被允许注册为私营企业家,并作为顾问、导师或翻译等提供服务。然而,他们也需要每月缴纳固定的税款。这篇文章将讨论如何在乌克兰获得工作许可和工作签证。

Why a Work Permit is Necessary
Any expat, who seeks work in the Ukraine for an extensive amount of time, will need to obtain a work permit. The following are two major reasons why a work permit is necessary.
Your work activities are legalized and you can obtain legal wages
You have the right to make your year round residence in the country
为什么需要工作许可证
任何在乌克兰寻求长期工作的外籍人士都需要获得工作许可证。以下是需要工作许可证的两个主要原因。
你的工作活动是合法的,你可以获得合法的工资
你有权在这个国家全年居住

As previously mentioned in this article, new immigration laws have recently been put into effect. However, they have not yet been widely enforced throughout the entire country. Currently, only students with visas or individuals with work visas are permitted to reside in the Ukraine year-round. The work visa permitting year-round residency is called the IM-1 Visa. There are some other categories of visas which allow you to reside in the country for a term of only 6 months. As it pertains to business visas, these regulations are not yet widely enforced. Potential employers have been hesitant about completing the work permit and visa paperwork. However, this can potentially change as these business owners begin to better familiarize themselves with the process.
正如本文前面提到的,新的移民法最近已经生效。然而,它们尚未在全国广泛实施。目前,只有持有签证的学生或持有工作签证的个人可以全年在乌克兰居住。允许全年居住的工作签证被称为即时消息1签证。还有一些其他种类的签证允许你在这个国家只居住6个月。由于涉及商务签证,这些规定尚未得到广泛实施。潜在雇主对完成工作许可和签证文书工作犹豫不决。然而,随着这些企业主开始更好地熟悉流程,这种情况可能会发生变化。

Requirements to Obtaining a Work Permit
In order to be considered for a work permit in Ukraine, you need to fulfill the following requirements.
Have confirmed employment from a Ukrainian company
Independent contractors cannot complete the paperwork themselves
Employers must provide a majority of the documents
获得工作许可证的要求
为了获得乌克兰的工作许可,您需要满足以下要求。
已确认受雇于一家乌克兰公司
独立承包商无法自己完成文书工作
雇主必须提供大部分文件

Steps on How to Obtain a Work Permit
It is important that your prospective employer is accommodating and prompt. Regulations state that the employers need to submit a wide variety of documents. Some of the steps that need to be completed must be done in Ukraine. Other steps should be taken via power of attorney. When the actual work permit is issued, you will then need to obtain the IM-1 Visa. For more details you can contact one of the Ukrainian Consulates near the Ukraine in Poland, Hungary, Russia, Romania or Slovakia. VisaHQ.com offers advice on how US citizens can obtain a Ukrainian visa. The following is a listing of the steps that a prospect must take in order to obtain a work permit.
如何获得工作许可证的步骤
重要的是你未来的雇主要通融和及时。条例规定雇主需要提交各种各样的文件。需要完成的一些步骤必须在乌克兰完成。其他步骤应通过授权书进行。当实际工作许可证签发后,你将需要获得即时消息1签证。如需了解更多详情,您可以联系波兰、匈牙利、俄罗斯、罗马尼亚或斯洛伐克靠近乌克兰的乌克兰领事馆。VisaHQ.com就美国公民如何获得乌克兰签证提供建议。以下列出了潜在客户为获得工作许可证必须采取的步骤。

1. Obtain a Government Stamp of Approval
The first step is also the most time consuming part of the process. Once you are accepted for a job in the Ukraine, you need to obtain a college diploma with ?apostille?. This means that the Ukrainian government gives you a stamp or seal of approval that authorizes your document if valid in all of the countries who signed the Hague Convention in 1961. For US citizens, this step needs to be completed at a US State Government Office. If you were in the Ukraine on a temporary permit, you need to go back to the US to complete this step. Once received, the document must be mailed to the Ukrainian government and officially translated.
获得政府批准印章
第一步也是过程中最耗时的部分。一旦你被乌克兰接受工作,你需要获得大学文凭?阿波斯蒂尔。。这意味着乌克兰政府会给你一个批准的印章,如果你的文件在1961年签署《海牙公约》的所有国家都有效的话,乌克兰政府会批准你的文件。对于美国公民来说,这一步需要在美国州政府办公室完成。如果你持临时许可证在乌克兰,你需要回到美国完成这一步。一旦收到,文件必须邮寄给乌克兰政府并正式翻译。

2. Tax Identification Code
Once the first step is completed, you must obtain a taxpayer?s identification code. You will need to visit the Kiev Central City Tax Office which is located at Sholudenka 33/19 during any weekday, but preferably in the lunch hour from 1 – 2 pm. You will need the following documents and to complete a short form:
Your passport and an official Ukrainian translation of your passport which has been certified by a notary—you will be able to pick up your tax ID number a few days later.
税务识别码
一旦第一步完成,你必须获得纳税人?美国的识别码。在任何工作日,您都需要参观位于绍鲁登卡33/19的基辅中心城市税务局,但最好是在下午1-2点的午餐时间。您需要以下文件并填写一份简短的表格:
您的护照和经公证人认证的乌克兰官方护照译文——几天后您就可以领取您的税号。

3. Certificate of Police Clearance
A certificate of police clearance is also needed which confirms that you have no criminal record. For those applicants who are not in the Ukraine, they will need to obtain the certificate from the most recent place of residence. However, if you are already in the Ukraine on a temporary permit, the procedure is more direct. You can pick up a clearance form at one of the police administration offices. Every city should have a special window in the station where this can be obtained.
警察许可证书
还需要警方批准的证明,以确认你没有犯罪记录。对于不在乌克兰的申请人,他们需要从最近的居住地获得证书。然而,如果你已经在乌克兰获得临时许可,手续就更直接了。你可以在一个警察局拿到一张通关单。每个城市都应该在车站有一个特殊的窗口,在那里可以获得这些信息。

You must visit the station in person with your passport as well as the officially translated copy which has been certified by a notary. Then you complete the certificate request. Several days later you can return to pick up the approved certificate. It will be valid for one month so you need to then proceed with the permit process.
你必须亲自带着你的护照和经公证人证明的官方翻译本去车站。然后您完成证书申请。几天后你可以回来拿批准的证书。有效期为一个月,因此您需要继续办理许可手续。

4. Documents Needed from Employers
While you are working on the initial steps in this process, your prospective employer needs to be completing their own steps. They must make a public announcement of the job you will be taking and then notify the employment center 1 – 2 months before the actual work permit application is submitted. The goal is to validate that they had not been able to locate any viable Ukrainian candidates for the job and that it was necessary to hire a foreigner. The following is the list of documents that are required.
Completed work permit application
Receipt of the application fee payment
Two color photos of the applicant
Ukrainian police clearance certificate
Copy of the applicant?s passport identification page
Copies of applicant?s education and qualifications
Documentation validating the necessity to hire a foreign employee
Confirmation that the employer can provide for work and residence
Documentation validating employee?s right to obtain a permit and visa
Certification from government validating employer paid all taxes
Certification that the employer has no outstanding debts to the Unemployment Fund
Copy of the valid employment contract from the employer
Documentation of the employer?s statute and registration certificate
Statement with the employer?s seal and signature that confirms the employee?s prospective position does not require Ukrainian citizenship
雇主需要的文件
当你在这个过程的最初步骤中工作时,你未来的雇主需要完成他们自己的步骤。他们必须公开宣布你将要从事的工作,然后在实际工作许可申请提交前1-2个月通知就业中心。目的是确认他们未能找到任何可行的乌克兰候选人担任这一职务,并且有必要雇用一名外国人。以下是所需文件的列表。
已完成的工作许可证申请
收到申请费付款
申请人的两张彩色照片
乌克兰警察许可证书
申请人的复印件?美国护照识别页
申请人的复印件?美国的教育和资格
证明雇佣外籍员工必要性的文件
确认雇主可以提供工作和住所
文档验证员工?获得许可和签证的权利
政府证明雇主支付了所有税款
证明雇主没有拖欠失业基金的债务
雇主提供的有效雇佣合同副本
雇主的文件?美国法规和注册证书
向雇主陈述?确认员工的印章和签名?美国未来的职位不需要乌克兰公民身份

Applying for a Work Visa
Once the work permit has been issued, the final step is to apply for an IM-1 Visa. If you are not successful, the employer will need to wait 1 year before reapplying for the visa. You will need to complete the visa application and provide the following: original work permit, 3 x 4 photo of applicant, passport, and letter from employer on official letterhead confirming the job.
Applying for a work permit and visa in the Ukraine can be a complicated process. However, if you and your prospective employer follow all of the requirements and steps correctly, you will increase your chances of successfully obtaining both.
申请工作签证
一旦工作许可证发放,最后一步是申请即时消息1签证。如果你不成功,雇主需要等一年再申请签证。你需要完成签证申请并提供以下信息:工作许可证原件、申请人的3 x 4照片、护照和雇主确认工作的信头。
在乌克兰申请工作许可和签证可能是一个复杂的过程。然而,如果你和你未来的雇主正确地遵循所有的要求和步骤,你将增加你成功获得两者的机会。

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/get-a-work-visa-in-the-ukraine

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