如何在荷兰获得工作签证

The Netherlands offer a thriving economy, a generous taxation system, and a pleasant environment in which to live. All of these factors make it a popular choice for those wishing to relocate. However, obtaining a work visa in the Netherlands is not an easy process for those who are residents outside of the EU.
荷兰提供繁荣的经济、慷慨的税收制度和舒适的生活环境。所有这些因素都使它成为那些希望搬迁的人的热门选择。然而,对于欧盟以外的居民来说,在荷兰获得工作签证并不是一个容易的过程。

It’s usually the prospective employer who requests the work visa on behalf of the person they are seeking to employ. The work visa is only valid for the employer who requests it and is no longer applicable when the employee leaves the job. You can’t obtain a general work visa for the Netherlands.
通常是潜在雇主代表他们要雇佣的人申请工作签证。工作签证仅对提出申请的雇主有效,员工离职时不再适用。你不能获得荷兰的普通工作签证。

Here are some guidelines on how you could obtain a work visa in the Netherlands.
这里有一些关于如何在荷兰获得工作签证的指南。

1. EU and EEA residents
If you live in the EU, the EEA or Switzerland, you are entitled to free movement within these countries and, as such, you don’t need a visa. If you are travelling to the Netherlands to carry out occasional work or short-term roles like lecturers or musicians, you don’t need a work visa.
欧盟和欧洲经济区居民
如果你住在欧盟、欧洲经济区或瑞士,你有权在这些国家自由流动,因此,你不需要签证。如果你去荷兰从事临时工作或短期角色,比如讲师或音乐家,你不需要工作签证。

2. Types of work visas for foreign nationals
For foreign nationals, the main types of work visa applicable to the Netherlands are:
GVVA or single permit
Highly skilled migrant permit
Entrepreneur permit
外国国民的工作签证类型
对于外国国民,适用于荷兰的主要工作签证类型有:
GVVA还是单一许可证
高技能移民许可证
企业家许可证

3. GVVA or single permit
This type of visa combines a Dutch residency visa and a document stating which employer you’ll be working for. Before this visa application can be filed by your employer, they must provide evidence that they have unsuccessfully tried to recruit someone from within the Netherlands and the EU to fill that vacancy.
GVVA还是单一许可证
这种签证结合了荷兰居留签证和说明你将为哪个雇主工作的文件。在你的雇主提交签证申请之前,他们必须提供证据证明他们试图从荷兰和欧盟内部招聘人员填补空缺的努力没有成功。

Your employer will need to submit the GVVA application to the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND). Once the fee has been paid and the necessary documentation submitted, the IND will seek permission from the Dutch social security agency for the prospective employee to live and work in the Netherlands.
您的雇主需要向荷兰移民归化局提交GVVA申请。一旦支付了费用并提交了必要的文件,移民归化局将寻求荷兰社会保障局的许可,让未来的雇员在荷兰生活和工作。
Once permission is granted, you’ll be able to pick up your GVVA documents in person.
You can’t apply for a GVVA if you are a student, an asylum seeker, a seasonal worker or someone who only intends to work in the Netherlands for less than three months.
一旦获得许可,你就可以亲自拿起你的GVVA文件。
如果你是学生、寻求庇护者、季节工人或只打算在荷兰工作不到三个月的人,你不能申请GVVA。

4. Highly skilled migrant pemit
This program is designed to enable Dutch employers to employ highly skilled and talented foreign professionals into their organisations for retraining. Your employer will not be required to prove that they could not find anyone suitable from the Netherlands or the EU if you are offered employment on this basis.
To qualify, you must have skills and experience that can be defined as specialist and scarce, together with several years of relevant work experience, a specialism, and a qualification at Bachelor level as a minimum. If you work within the medical profession or as a university lecturer, you could qualify under this visa category.
高技能移民
该计划旨在使荷兰雇主能够雇用高技能和有才华的外国专业人员进入他们的组织进行再培训。如果在此基础上向您提供工作,您的雇主无需证明他们找不到任何来自荷兰或欧盟的合适人选。
要获得资格,你必须具备可被定义为专业和稀缺的技能和经验,以及至少几年的相关工作经验、专业和学士学位。如果你在医疗行业工作或者是大学讲师,你可以获得这一签证类别的资格。

5. Work visa for self-employed or entrepreneurs
If you want to work in the Netherlands on a self-employed basis, you’ll need to apply for a residence visa for self-employment.
Your business must demonstrate that it will provide a substantial benefit to the Netherlands and this will be tested by experts in the relevant Dutch government ministry. A points system is used to make the decision. You’ll be awarded points depending on your personal experience, the nature and financial situation of your business, and the likely value it will bring to the Netherlands in the form of investment, employment creation and innovation.
In all cases, once you’ve been working and living in the Netherlands for five years, you don’t need a work visa. This means that you could change jobs if you wanted to without having to apply for a new work visa.
个体经营者或企业家的工作签证
如果你想在荷兰自谋职业,你需要申请自谋职业的居留签证。
您的企业必须证明它将为荷兰带来巨大利益,这将由荷兰政府相关部门的专家进行测试。分数系统被用来做决定。您将根据您的个人经历、业务性质和财务状况,以及投资、创造就业和创新给荷兰带来的潜在价值获得积分。
在所有情况下,一旦你在荷兰工作和生活了五年,你就不需要工作签证了。这意味着如果你愿意,你可以换工作,而不必申请新的工作签证。

There’s no doubt that the Netherlands is a wonderful place to settle and work in, but obtaining a visa can be complicated. Your prospective employer should handle all the paperwork for you, but it’s well worth seeking the advice of an immigration specialist to make sure all goes smoothly.
Have you moved to the Netherlands? What was the work visa process like in your experience? Let us know in the comments section below!
毫无疑问,荷兰是一个定居和工作的好地方,但是获得签证可能很复杂。你未来的雇主应该为你处理所有的文书工作,但是寻求移民专家的建议以确保一切顺利是非常值得的。
你搬到荷兰了吗?在你的经历中,工作签证的流程是什么样的?请在下面的评论部分告诉我们!

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/get-a-work-visa-in-the-netherlands

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