生活在德国有什么好处和坏处

Kevin Li, lives in Munich, Germany

Cons:
缺点:

At times too organized: You get a ticket for biking on the wrong side of the biking lane; Some people give you wild stares if you walk across a red light or if you do the recycling wrong (a.k.a not removing plastic caps from bottles before you throw them into the glass container).
有时太有条理了:你在自行车道的错误一侧得到了一张自行车票;如果你闯红灯或者你做错了回收工作(也就是说,在把瓶子扔进玻璃容器之前,不要从瓶子上取下塑料盖),有些人会恶狠狠地盯着你。

If you don’t speak German, it might not be easy to break into social circles: Although young people generally speak decent to perfect English, it seems to be quite hard for foreigners without proper German to really bond with locals (exception is Berlin).
如果你不会说德语,进入社交圈可能并不容易:虽然年轻人通常说得体面到完美的英语,但对于没有合适德语的外国人来说,要真正与当地人建立联系似乎相当困难(柏林除外)。

Customer Service people are way less friendly than in the U.S.: Biggest culture shock for me in the U.S. was how friendly all the people in super markets/on call center lines were.
客服人员远不如美国友好:在美国,对我来说最大的文化冲击是超市/呼叫中心的所有人都有多友好。

People are not as entrepreneurial/adventurous as in other parts of the planet: In the U.S./China everyone seemed to have their side-hustle or were running this or that organization. I would say there is less of this kind of spirit in Germany.
人们不像地球上其他地方的人那样具有企业家精神/冒险精神:在美国/中国,每个人似乎都有自己的副业,或者管理着这个或那个组织。我想说德国没有这种精神。

Pros:
优点:

Public/Bank Holidays: Not sure if there is any country with more official bank holidays, but Germany (Bavaria) in 2017 has 14 compared to 8 in the UK; with the average 30 days vacation you get from your employer, you can easily take six/seven complete weeks off work.
公共/银行假日:不确定是否有哪个国家有更多的官方银行假日,但德国(巴伐利亚州)2017年有14个,而英国有8个;雇主给你平均30天的假期,你可以轻松地休息六/七周。

Quality college/university education (and all other education) for free: Might be relevant if you come to Germany to study or if your kids grow up in Germany.
免费的优质学院/大学教育(以及所有其他教育):如果你来德国学习或者如果你的孩子在德国长大,这可能是有意义的。

Well functioning legal/administrative and constitutional system: Yes, people complain about bureaucracy, but only because they haven’t seen how it works in other places. Courts are on average much more efficient in Germany (average case closes in around one year compared to six in Italy) and the Constitutional Court strikes down even prestigious legislative projects.
运转良好的法律/行政和宪法体系:是的,人们抱怨官僚主义,但只是因为他们没有看到它在其他地方是如何运作的。德国法院的效率平均要高得多(平均案件在一年左右结案,而意大利只有六起),宪法法院甚至否决了著名的立法项目。

Rent and stuff is cheap: Compared to London, Brussels etc, living cost in Germany is super cheap; honestly I don’t know how they produce the stuff for discounters.
租金和物品都很便宜:与伦敦、布鲁塞尔等相比,德国的生活成本非常便宜;老实说,我不知道他们是如何为折扣店生产这些东西的。

Quality of houses, buildings in general: Windows in particular have awesome insulation against everything.
Other stuff that has already been mentioned by other people, like safety (crime rate), health insurance, public transport.
房屋和建筑的整体质量:尤其是窗户对任何东西都有极好的隔热效果。其他人已经提到的东西,比如安全(犯罪率)、健康保险、公共交通。

Edit: Of course someone had to point out that the real cons of living in Germany are “Terrorism, rape, Merkel”. For the first two, anyone is free to check out official statistics. Both the intentional homicide rate and the rape rate are doing pretty ok in Germany. As for Merkel, I might not agree with everything she does, but I prefer her way more to Donald Drumpf.
编辑:当然有人必须指出,生活在德国的真正弊端是“恐怖主义、强奸”。
在前两种情况下,任何人都可以自由查看官方统计数据。在德国,故意杀人率和强奸率都相当不错。至于默克尔,我可能不同意她所做的一切,但比起唐纳德·德拉姆普,我更喜欢她的方式。

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Ashwin Kumar, studied at Technical University of Hamburg
Answered Feb 27, 2018

Pros:
优点:

Cleanliness: Most of the German cities I have been to are damn clean. Same goes with other European countries. Also most of the energy needs are satisfied using renewable sources energy thereby less pollution. You will find yourself surrounded by greenery everywhere.
清洁:我去过的大多数德国城市都非常干净。其他欧洲国家也是如此。
此外,使用可再生能源可以满足大多数能源需求,从而减少污染。你会发现你周围到处都是绿色植物。

Punctuality: This is a very important thing in Germany. Everything works to the dot. Germans always stick exactly to the time and are seldom late. Same goes with their transportation systems.
准时:这在德国是非常重要的事情。一切顺利。德国人总是严格遵守时间,很少迟到。他们的运输系统也是如此。

Education: Top notch engineers graduate from the Universities all over Germany. Its not a surprise why German products and engineers are world renowned.
教育:顶尖工程师毕业于德国各地的大学。德国产品和工程师闻名世界并不奇怪。

Respect for People: Irrespective of nationalities, religions, all people are same under the law. Germans respect people from all walks of life (Though there are some racists which is a prevailing problem in every country). The bus or train driver gets out and helps the disabled and old people to get inside the bus or train.
尊重人民:不分民族、宗教,法律面前人人平等。德国人尊重各行各业的人(尽管有些种族主义者是每个国家普遍存在的问题)。公共汽车或火车司机下车,帮助残疾人和老年人进入公共汽车或火车。

Landscapes: Being almost centrally located, most of the European countries like France, Spain, Croatia, Netherlands, Denmark are accessible by road, flight, train or by sea.
健康和生活方式:德国人喜欢跑步和去健身房。他们总是精力充沛,从不错过锻炼。不管他们的饮食习惯如何,由于日常锻炼,他们中的大多数人都很健康。这总是激励你更多地照顾自己的身体,开始锻炼。

Health and Lifestyle: Germans love to run and hit the gym. They are always bustling with energy and never miss out a workout. Irrespective of their food and drinking habits, the majority of them are quite fit due to the workout routine. And that always motivates you to take care of your body more and start working out.
风景:几乎位于市中心,大多数欧洲国家如法国、西班牙、克罗地亚、荷兰、丹麦都可以通过公路、航班、火车或海路到达。

Beer: Chilled beer is welcome in Germany :D. One of the best traditions invented and cheaper than water.
啤酒:冰镇啤酒在德国很受欢迎。这是发明的最好的传统之一,比水还便宜。

Cons:
缺点:

Weather: I don’t like the ever changing weather here. I have seen rain, snow and sun all in one day and sometimes it is very difficult for the body to adjust to these sudden fluctuations in weather. It is sunny in the morning, then a downpour starts when you least expect it and in the night sometimes there is either snow or hailstorm.
The weather is quite unpredictable.
天气:我不喜欢这里不断变化的天气。我在一天内看到了雨、雪和太阳,有时身体很难适应这些突然的天气波动。早上阳光明媚,然后在你最意想不到的时候开始倾盆大雨,晚上有时会下雪或下冰雹。天气非常不可预测。

Paying for basic needs: Water is expensive in the Restaurants. I mean the water which is served in the glass and not the bottled water. Same thing when you want to relieve yourself urgently and you are out and the guy outside the public toilet says one euro. I wouldn’t mind paying 10 or 20 Cents but I think 50 Cents or 1 Euro is too much.
支付基本需求:餐馆的水很贵。我是指装在玻璃杯里的水,而不是瓶装水。同样的事情,当你想紧急缓解自己,你出去了,公共厕所外面的人说一欧元。我不介意付10美分或20美分,但我认为50美分或1欧元太多了。

Housing: Finding a house in big cities is really difficult. That is sometimes a headache when you have to start looking for an accommodation months in advance in order to get a house or a room for that matter.
住房:在大城市找房子真的很难。有时候,当你不得不提前几个月开始寻找住处以获得房子或房间时,这是一件令人头痛的事情。

But overall this Country is a great place to live in if you want to lead a healthy life ( lots of greenery, less pollution, green energy and friendly people).
但是总的来说,如果你想过健康的生活(大量的绿色植物、更少的污染、绿色能源和友好的人),这个国家是一个很好的居住地方。

P.S: The opinions and experiences expressed here are my own.
这里表达的观点和经验是我自己的。

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Nate Aiman-Smith, Lived in Munich for 2 years
Answered Jun 11, 2016

Ooo great question. I’m an American so here’s my take after having lived in Munich through all of 2009 and 2010. Keep in mind that Germany’s a diverse country so a lot of this specifically applies to Bavaria.
哦,好问题。我是一名美国人,所以在慕尼黑生活了2009年和2010年之后,以下是我的看法。请记住,德国是一个多元化的国家,所以这在很大程度上特别适用于巴伐利亚州。

Good:

Low cost of living. Munich is considered an expensive city by German standards, and we found it very cheap, both for living and for entertainment. The big exception is cars; if you must have a car, then be prepared for the car purchase, fuel, insurance, maintenance, and parking to be really expensive. For what it’s worth, you don’t need one in most cities; we brought ours from the U.S. and more than once needed a jump because we didn’t drive it for 4+ weeks.
低生活成本。按照德国的标准,慕尼黑被认为是一个昂贵的城市,无论是生活还是娱乐,我们都觉得它非常便宜。最大的例外是汽车;如果你必须有一辆车,那就要为购买汽车、燃料、保险、维修和停车做好准备。不管怎样,在大多数城市你不需要一个;我们从美国带来了我们的车,不止一次需要跳跃,因为我们已经有4个多星期没有驾驶它了。

Great quality of life. People don’t work crazy hours and tend not to take their work home with them (there are exceptions but in my experience they’re exceptions and not the rule). 5 weeks of vacation is pretty standard. In general there’s a less consumer-focused culture, so you don’t feel as much pressure to buy things.
高质量的生活。人们不会疯狂地工作,也不会把工作带回家(有例外,但在我的经验中,它们是例外,而不是规则)。5周的假期是相当标准的。总的来说,这是一种不太注重消费者的文化,所以你不会感到购物的压力太大。

Amazing beer and beer culture. Going to the Biergarten with friends and/or family is just about the best way ever to spend a Sunday afternoon. Also, when I stuck to beer I never once had a hangover (even after drinking way, WAY too much of it); everyone explained this as a result of the strict purity laws. It sounds like B.S. but I can attest to it.
惊人的啤酒和啤酒文化。和朋友和/或家人一起去比尔根酒吧是度过周日下午最好的方式。此外,当我坚持喝啤酒的时候,我从来没有宿醉过(即使喝得太多了);由于严格的纯度法律,每个人都解释了这一点。听起来像是学士学位,但我可以证明这一点。

Forced lazy Sundays: for many this is a “con” but once we got used to it we really loved it. Not having anything open on Sunday means that you’re forced to spend time with family and friends and relax.
被迫懒散的星期天:对许多人来说,这是一个“骗局”,但一旦我们习惯了,我们就真的很喜欢它。周日不开门意味着你不得不花时间和家人朋友在一起放松。

Tax / benefit ratio: taxes are actually kind of a mixed bag. On one hand they’re somewhat (generally not a lot) higher than in the U.S. but you get a lot more social benefits for them.
税收/福利比率:税收实际上是一个混合体。一方面,他们比美国高一些(一般来说不是很多),但是你可以为他们获得更多的社会福利。

Health insurance: if you’re working, state health insurance for you and your family is a flat percentage (~1/6) of your salary. If you have a low-to-medium income and a family this is a great deal. See “cons” for the other scenarios.
健康保险:如果你在工作,你和你的家人的国家健康保险是你工资的固定百分比(约1/6)。如果你有中低收入和一个家庭,这是非常重要的。其他场景请参见“缺点”。

Cons:
缺点:

Taxes: the worst situation you can be in is if you and your spouse both work and make about the same amount of money. Germany taxes the lesser income of a dual-income household at about 60%, presumably to discourage mothers from working. If you’re a sole provider of a family, the taxes work out about the same as they do in the U.S. Also, if you’re registered with a religion the government will automatically take 10% off the top.
税收:你可能面临的最糟糕的情况是,如果你和你的配偶都工作并且赚了差不多一样多的钱。德国对双收入家庭的较低收入征收约60%的税,大概是为了阻止母亲工作。如果你是一个家庭的唯一供养者,税收的计算方法和美国的差不多。另外,如果你注册了一个宗教,政府会自动将最高税率降低10%。

Health insurance costs: if you’re a high earner, particularly without a family, you end up getting private health insurance. Private insurance is not particularly cheap; for me (healthy 35 y.o. at the time), insurance with a very high deductible (a.k.a. “hit by a bus” insurance) was about 200EUR per month, which of course was still cheaper than 1/6 of my salary but a lot more than the ~$50/month I was paying for the same thing in the U.S.
健康保险费用:如果你是高收入者,特别是没有家庭,你最终会得到私人健康保险。私人保险并不特别便宜;对我(当时健康的35岁左右)来说,免赔额很高的保险(又名“被公共汽车撞”保险)每月约为200欧元,当然仍然比我工资的1/6便宜,但比我在美国为同样的事情每月支付的约50美元要多得多

Health insurance effectiveness: the gov’t takes a long time to pay medical providers, and trying to get an appointment or find a new doctor with state insurance is a challenge. Conversely, when you have private insurance you are given the VIP treatment everywhere – seriously, when you mention you have private insurance to the administrator it’s like you just slipped $100 to the maitre d’; suddenly “oh, look at that – something just opened up in about 20–30 minutes, and can we get you anything while you wait?” The problem with private insurance is that you’re viewed as a walking ATM by the provider, and if you have a high deductible (as I did) you have to continually explain that you’re actually paying out-of-pocket.
健康保险的有效性:政府花了很长时间来支付医疗服务提供者的费用,试图预约或找到一个有国家保险的新医生是一个挑战。相反,当你有私人保险的时候,你在任何地方都会得到贵宾待遇——说真的,当你向管理员提到你有私人保险的时候,就好像你刚刚向领班丢了100美元;突然,“哦,看那个——大约20-30分钟后就有东西打开了,你等的时候我们能给你拿点什么吗?”私人保险的问题是,提供商认为你是一个自动取款机,如果你有很高的免赔额(就像我一样),你必须不断解释你实际上是在自掏腰包。

The biggest issue by far that I had in Germany was with the Germans themselves. One-on-one, they are generally tough to crack the exterior, but once you do they’re really, really wonderful people. I don’t consider this a bad thing; I’m a bit of an introvert myself so I often feel uneasy in a crowd of Irish or Brazilians, who are pretty much the exact opposite.
到目前为止,我在德国遇到的最大问题是德国人自己。一对一,他们通常很难打破外表,但一旦你做到了,他们是非常非常棒的人。我不认为这是件坏事;我自己也有点内向,所以在一群几乎完全相反的爱尔兰人或巴西人中间,我经常感到不安。

In a crowd, though, Germans (or at least Bavarians) are unbelievably inconsiderate. I actually have a theory that Germans are somehow blind to other people when they’re in a crowd; it’s not that they make a conscious decision to be jerks, but that they simply can’t process that all these bipedal objects around them are human beings just like them. A few examples off the top of my head:
然而,在人群中,德国人(或者至少是巴伐利亚人)的不体谅令人难以置信。事实上,我有一个理论,德国人在人群中对其他人视而不见;这并不是说他们有意识地决定做混蛋,而是他们根本无法理解周围所有的两足动物都是和他们一样的人。我突然想到几个例子:

Whenever there’s a long line for something (bathroom, ticket counter, food, anything) you will always have lots of people just going straight to the thing itself without getting in line. One of the first things I learned to say in German was “excuse me, the line begins over there,” and I said it a LOT.
每当有东西(浴室、售票柜台、食物等)要排队时,总会有很多人径直走向那东西,而没有排队。我学会对英格曼说的第一句话是“对不起,台词从那边开始”,我说了很多。

When the subway opens, especially during rush hour, all of the people waiting to get in immediately try to rush into the door. All of the people trying to get out rush out the door. The two waves of people smush into one another and an unpleasant time is had by all. The elevator in Ikea to and from the parking area is a particularly comical manifestation of this behavior; imagine that you’ve just parked your car and you’re inside the elevator going to the main shopping floor. The elevator opens and a wall of Germans with Ikea trolleys comes rushing in, filling all available space in the elevator and literally pinning you inside. This will only happen to you once; from then on you will come charging out of the Ikea elevator the second the doors start to open, ready to literally climb over people’s carts as they shove their way into the elevator.
当地铁开通时,尤其是高峰时间,所有等着上车的人都试图冲进车门。所有想出去的人都冲出了门。这两批人蜂拥而至,大家都度过了一段不愉快的时光。Ikea中进出停车场的电梯是这种行为的特别滑稽的表现;想象一下,你刚把车停好,就在去主购物楼层的电梯里。电梯打开,一堵德国人用宜家手推车冲进来,填满了电梯里所有可用的空间,把你锁在里面。这只会发生在你身上一次;从那以后,门一打开,你就可以从Ikea电梯里冲出来,当人们挤进电梯时,你就可以爬上他们的手推车。

I was once sitting on a crowded subway, and I noticed an elderly (at least 70) woman standing near me. As far as I could tell she was the oldest person in the subway car and nobody had offered her their seat. I caught her eye, stood up and said (in German): “excuse me, ma’am, could I offer you -” and then a woman about my age bumped me out of the way so she could sit in my now-empty seat. Being a rather timid foreigner, and being somewhat in shock at what just happened, I didn’t make a stink about it (although in retrospect I should have). I still regularly offered my seat to elderly people after that, but I never got out of the seat until they accepted the offer and were standing next to me, after which I would quickly stand up and fight off anybody who tried to take the seat before the elderly person could sit in it. In a crowded subway, I always had to fight off at least one person.
我曾经坐在拥挤的地铁上,我注意到一位年长的(至少70岁)妇女站在我旁边。据我所知,她是地铁里年纪最大的人,没有人给她让座。我吸引了她的目光,站起来说(用德语):“对不起,夫人,我能给你吗?”然后一个和我同龄的女人把我挤开,这样她就可以坐在我现在空空如也的座位上了。作为一个相当胆小的外国人,并且对刚刚发生的事情有些震惊,我并没有为此大吵大闹(尽管回想起来我应该这么做)。从那以后,我仍然经常给老年人让座,但直到他们接受这个提议并站在我旁边,我才离开座位,之后,我会迅速站起来,在老年人能够坐在座位上之前,击退任何试图坐在座位上的人。在拥挤的地铁里,我总是不得不击退至少一个人。

I could easily name 10 more pros, 10 more cons, and 10 more examples of bad behavior, but that’s a pretty good start.
我可以很容易地举出10个以上的优点,10个以上的缺点,以及10个以上的不良行为的例子,但是这是一个很好的开始。

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Atanas Arnaudov, lives in Berlin (2015-present)
Updated Mar 29, 2017

Pro:
优点:

Total lack of mosquitoes in the cities. They get killed as larvae.
城市里完全没有蚊子。它们作为幼虫被杀死。

It’s a great place for high skilled workers. Not so much for unskilled ones.
这是高技能工人的好地方。对不熟练的人来说就没那么多了。

Personaly I like the climate. In Bulgaria winters are cold and summers scorching hot. Germany is more balanced.
If that’s your cup of tea – equality.
就个人而言,我喜欢这里的气候。保加利亚冬天寒冷,夏天酷热。德国更加平衡。如果那是你喜欢的-平等。

Ready access to education, both tertiary and technical.
随时接受高等教育和技术教育。

Cons:
缺点:

Food quality is generally poor. Northerners likely wouldn’t see it that way, but almost anyone from Southern Europe would confirm.
食物质量通常很差。北方人可能不会这么看,但几乎任何来自南欧的人都会证实。

Rising through the ranks is difficult, especially for an immigrant. There is a glass ceiling and only a few break through.
晋升很困难,尤其是对于移民来说。有一个玻璃天花板,只有几个突破。

The people are less open. Germans tend not to talk a lot or open up to strangers.
人们不那么开放。德国人倾向于不多说话或对陌生人开放。

Bureaucracy.
官僚主义。

Aversion to violence, bordering on cowardice. I don’t know why and don’t tell me it’s because of the war, because I see it on the personal level, as in reacting in certain situations.
厌恶暴力,近乎懦弱。我不知道为什么,也不告诉我这是因为战争,因为我从个人层面来看,比如在某些情况下的反应。

Toss up: Parties. The love it or hate it type. Personally I love them.
掷硬币决定:聚会。爱它或恨它的类型。就我个人而言,我爱他们。

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Gautam Sawala, An Expat in Germany
Updated Jun 13, 2016

I’m an Indian student living in Germany, so my perspective is of an expat student, with having lived in Germany for just two years here is my take on pros and cons of living in Germany,
我是一名住在德国的印度学生,所以我的观点是一名外籍学生,在德国只住了两年,这是我对住在德国的利弊的看法,

Pros
优点:

Punctuality: No matter which part of world you come from and more so from sub-continental countries, you’ll admire and appreciate the puntuality practiced in Germany. Though sometimes Deutsch Bahn and local transport don’t stand up being puntual all the time but still, you’ll learn to arrive at least five minutes in advance being in this culture.
守时:无论你来自世界的哪个地方,尤其是来自次大陆国家,你都会尊重并欣赏德国实行的守时。尽管有时道依茨巴赫和当地的交通工具并不总是能撑船,但在这种文化中,你会学会至少提前五分钟到达。

Education: With most of the educational courses having no to minimum tuition fees, you can complete your education at your own pace and pretty much stress free. The universities maintain high standards too. So even while you pay pennies you still get world class education.
教育:由于大部分教育课程没有最低学费,你可以按照自己的速度完成学业,几乎没有压力。大学也保持高标准。所以即使你只付几分钱,你仍然可以获得世界一流的教育。

Travel: With really good public transport connectivity, it’s pretty easy to move around in Germany and more so around Europe. Travel can however be costly or cheap depending upon the mode of transport and how early you reserve your tickets.
旅行:有了非常好的公共交通连接,在德国和欧洲旅行都非常容易。然而,旅行可能是昂贵的或便宜的,这取决于交通方式和你多早订票。

Work Ethics: This can be debatable, but as far as I have experienced, there is rarely a small talks or lousy attitude while people work here. Moreover if that person is sitting behind the desk, he knows exactly what his job needs him to. Probably this is the reason why Germany is one of the most productive countries in the world.
职业道德:这可能是有争议的,但据我所知,当人们在这里工作时,很少会有闲聊或糟糕的态度。此外,如果那个人坐在桌子后面,他很清楚自己的工作需要他做什么。或许这就是德国成为世界上生产力最高的国家之一的原因。

Racism: again a debatable topic, but as I have experienced, I have rarely been treated differently for having come from a different country or race. Yes, I do get frowned expressions by the supermarket cashier, but that is because I cannot communicate in German. I believe it’s not because of your race but rather communication gap that pisses them off.
种族主义:这也是一个有争议的话题,但正如我所经历的,我很少因为来自不同的国家或种族而受到不同的对待。是的,超市收银员的确对我皱眉头,但那是因为我不能用德语交流。我相信让他们恼火的不是你的种族,而是沟通上的差距。

The Autobahn: Doesnt matter if you are in driving seat or not, the thrill of going at 300Kmph is unexplainable. Enough said.
高速公路:不管你是否坐在驾驶座上,以每小时300公里的速度行驶的刺激是无法解释的。够了。

Regard for Rules: The strict discipline and general awareness of following rules makes Germany stand out. Jaywalking is considered rude, even when there are no cars in your visible sight. Though probablity you being peanelized for jaywalking is almost 0, yet you won’t feel like crossing that street, unless ofcourse you have a train or bus to catch. Honking, unless really necessary is also illegal, with exception of carnivals and football matches.
遵守规则:严格的纪律和对遵守规则的普遍意识使德国脱颖而出。横穿马路被认为是粗鲁的,即使你看不见车。虽然你因为乱穿马路而被开除的概率几乎是0,但是你不会想穿过那条街,除非你有火车或公共汽车要赶。除非真的有必要,否则鸣笛也是非法的,嘉年华和足球比赛除外。

Cons:
缺点:

Closing times: In the beginning it was really hard for me to digest the fact that most supermarket and other shops close at 8:00pm, (some of them do keep open till 10:00pm). Most of smaller cities on Sunday look like Ghost Cities.
关门时间:开始的时候,我很难理解大多数超市和其他商店晚上8点关门的事实(有些商店营业到晚上10点)。星期天大多数较小的城市看起来像鬼城。

Beaurocracy: Yes, you still get a dozen letters from your insurance company and bank, even though they can easily let their customers choose if they would prefer emails and save ton of paper.
是的,你仍然会收到来自保险公司和银行的十几封信,尽管他们可以很容易地让他们的客户选择是否喜欢电子邮件和节省大量纸张。

……………………

Bruce McFarland Oncins, In Germany since 2005
Answered Jul 5, 2016

I have read some of the answers given and I agree with somethings and disagree with others. I believe it has to do with region you are in and how long been there. When I first arrived here, 11 years ago, I would given different responses from today. Based on my experiences and living in upper Bavaria, here are Pros and Cons
我读过一些给出的答案,我同意一些事情,不同意其他的。我相信这和你所在的地区以及在那里呆了多久有关。11年前,当我第一次来到这里时,我会从今天起给出不同的回答。根据我的经验和生活在上巴伐利亚州,这里有正反两方面

Cons:
缺点:

beer is too damn good. I have gained too many pounds
啤酒太好吃了。我体重增加太多了。

wurst, see point number.
首先,看点数。

I find business in Germany overly conservative with their product ranges. They only will sell what they know they will sell. Exception are the retailers in Berlin.
我发现德国的企业对他们的产品范围过于保守。他们只会出售他们知道会出售的东西。柏林的零售商除外。

Although others have learned German, I am stuck on a very low level… After 11 years!!!.. Okay, that’s more my fault.
where I live summers are very wet. However there is no need for air condition.
虽然其他人已经学了德语,但我仍然停留在很低的水平上……11年后!!!..好吧,那更多是我的错。我住的地方夏天很潮湿。然而不需要空调。

I will live 1000 more years, in general service at restaurants is terrible. Too slow. Again, there are some exceptions and usually in the bigger cities service is better, but you can wait hours for your first drink and get your entre before soup. Or it all comes out at the same time however you have to wait another 10 minutes for the other guests to get theirs. You say the Germans are well organized? Well they lost the restaurant organization and service gene somewhere along the way.
我还能再活1000年,一般餐馆的服务都很糟糕。太慢了。同样,也有一些例外,通常在大城市服务更好,但是你可以等几个小时等你的第一杯饮料,然后在喝汤之前拿到主菜。或者这一切同时发生,但是你必须再等10分钟,让其他客人得到他们的。你说德国人组织得很好?他们在途中的某个地方失去了餐馆组织和服务基因。

pros:
优点:

so many people speak English, that you can just do about anything without German! aside from legal subjects. Not that their English is perfect, but it many cases their English is better than my German… Including the butcher’s
many stated they don’t like the retail business hours. When I first arrived, shops closed at 6 on weekdays and noon on Saturdays. Now they are mostly open until 8 M-Sat. Coming from the US I thought this was insane. But now that I have a family, extended family, friends and neighbors, it’s great to know that at least one day a week we can all get together. Why do really need to have shops open 7 days a week?
这么多人说英语,你不用德语就能做任何事情!除了法律问题。他们的英语并不完美,但在很多情况下,他们的英语比我的德语好……包括屠夫在内的许多人都说他们不喜欢零售营业时间。当我第一次到达时,商店平日6点关门,星期六中午关门。现在它们大部分开放到8 M-Sat。来自美国,我觉得这太疯狂了。但是现在我有了一个家庭,大家庭,朋友和邻居,很高兴知道每周至少有一天我们可以聚在一起。为什么真的需要让商店一周7天营业?

i find my neighbors and friends well educated, even though not all are university graduates。
我发现我的邻居和朋友都受过良好的教育,尽管并非所有人都是大学毕业生。

Very polite and well mannered people. Of course there are exceptions.
非常有礼貌和礼貌的人。当然也有例外。

love to have fun… My neighbors, we get together in the evenings many times for a glass (a few) of wine
your are in the middle of Europe. It’s easy to get anywhere from here. I can drive to Italy in 4 hours, Austria 1, Switzerland in 2, France in 5, Netherlands 6, Poland 2 or 3, chech republic in a couple…. Flights yo the UK aren’t too expensive as well as going to Spain for a vacation.
我喜欢玩得开心……我的邻居,我们晚上聚在一起喝一杯(几杯)欧洲中部的葡萄酒。从这里到任何地方都很容易。我可以在4小时内开车去意大利,奥地利1小时,瑞士2小时,法国5小时,荷兰6小时,波兰2小时或3小时,车臣共和国几小时。飞往英国的航班和去西班牙度假一样不太贵。

Driving on the autobahn is generally better than any other country’s road system.
在高速公路上驾驶通常比任何其他国家的道路系统都要好。

Work week, holidays and vacation time is amazing. I get about 43 days off a year.
工作周、假期和假期都很棒。我一年大约休息43天。

Income taxes are not as high as people claim, especially when you see what you get out of it.
所得税没有人们声称的那么高,尤其是当你看到从中得到什么的时候。

……………………
Rucha S Khot, worked at Bosch
Answered Apr 19, 2017

As an Indian my experiences were as follows:
作为一名印度人,我的经历如下:

Living in Germany is a worthwhile experience.
住在德国是一次值得的经历。

I felt a better sense of freedom, independence and responsibility living in Germany.
生活在德国,我感觉到了更好的自由、独立和责任感。

I learnt what it was to be alone and punctual.
我学会了独处和守时的滋味。

Public transport is better and organized.
公共交通更好,更有组织。

Punctuality and timely planning for your day to day activities matters a lot.
准时和及时计划你的日常活动非常重要。

I learnt cooking because you cannot eat out everyday and delicious food is needed so because of which the restaurant like khana became a reality, since there are lesser Indian restaurants.
我学烹饪是因为你不能每天在外面吃东西,而且需要美味的食物,因此像卡纳这样的餐馆成为了现实,因为印度餐馆较少。

The rent is sky rocketing day by day, eats up 30% of my salary.
房租一天比一天飞涨,吃掉了我工资的30%。

The travel bug bit me hard and fast, I travelled every month, Germany and then Stuttgart is situated in the heart of Europe, so all the locations are more or less at an equal distance or have greater connectivity as compared to rest of the Europe.
旅行虫咬了我又快又硬,我每个月都去德国旅行,然后斯图加特位于欧洲的中心,所以所有的地方都或多或少地处于相同的距离,或者与欧洲其他地方相比具有更大的连通性。

I started celebrating and missing Indian festivals like a mad horse.
我开始像疯马一样庆祝和错过印度节日。

I got closer to my family by staying away.
我离家人越来越近了。

I learnt the importance of paying regular taxes, how it benefits the country and how insurance matters at every stage.
我了解了定期纳税的重要性,它如何造福国家,以及保险在每个阶段的重要性。

Medical emergencies were treated in a better way.
医疗急救得到了更好的处理。

Loved the direct talk and no small talk, no gossip and total frankness.
喜欢直截了当的谈话,不闲聊,不八卦,完全坦诚。

Missed India for the climate and the emotional touch it brings.
想念印度的气候和它带来的情感接触。

I feel secure as an individual but I feel warmer in India.
作为一个个体,我感到安全,但在印度我感到温暖。

The weekends became livelier only if people were around, otherwise no activity on Sunday.
只有当人们在附近的时候,周末才会变得更加活跃,否则星期天就没有活动了。

Work place was much cooler and stress free.
工作场所凉爽多了,没有压力。

Work life balance became a reality.
工作与生活的平衡变成了现实。

Planning became an exaggeration and spontaneity was derived rarely, because everyone plans everything.
计划变得夸张,自发性很少产生,因为每个人都计划一切。

Private and Public space got a different meaning.
私人空间和公共空间有不同的含义。

Knowing German is necessary to integrate!
懂德语是融入社会的必要条件!

……………………
Cristian Faber, studied at FAAP – Funda??o Armando Alvares Penteado
Updating my answer (18.Feb.2017):

I’m Brazilian, living in Germany since 6 years.
我是巴西人,在德国生活了6年。

Reinforcing what others pointed before, the PROS are:
强化其他人之前指出的,优点是:

Tradition of punctuality.
守时的传统。

I’m removing “Quality of education”.
我要删除“教育质量”。

Public transportation.
公共交通。

Geographic position – easy and cheap to travel the whole Europe from here.
地理位置——从这里出发去整个欧洲旅行既简单又便宜。

Work ethics.
职业道德。

Low level of racism – actually I would say Brazilians are infinitely more racist than Germans, that because Germans value human life and politeness more than Brazilians.
低水平的种族主义——实际上,我要说巴西人比德国人更加种族主义,因为德国人比巴西人更重视人的生命和礼貌。

Autobahn – my max speed so far is 220km/h. But different than what foreigners usually think, there are limits in some parts.
高速公路——到目前为止,我的最高速度是220公里/小时。但是与外国人通常认为的不同,有些地方是有限制的。

Regards for rules – Germans understand something most Brazilians don’t: rules are for your safety and the safety of the community.
关于规则——德国人理解大多数巴西人不理解的事情:规则是为了你的安全和社区的安全。

Cost of living is relatively low (basic needs: food, electricity, internet, clothing). Depending on where you live rent can also be very low, and even if you live in the middle of nowhere, or in the mountains, you will still have everything you need.
生活成本相对较低(基本需求:食物、电力、互联网、服装)。根据你住的地方,租金也可能很低,即使你住在偏僻的地方,或者山里,你仍然可以得到你需要的一切。

Reliability.
可靠性。

Arts, history, music, culture.
艺术、历史、音乐、文化。

Low criminality rates.
犯罪率低。

Quality of work – even the garbage collector had special training.
工作质量——甚至垃圾收集员也接受过特殊培训。

The country is beautiful – historic cities, medieval cities, castles, mountains, lakes, forests.
这个国家很美丽——历史名城、中世纪城市、城堡、山脉、湖泊、森林。

The CONS:
缺点:

High taxes – compared to Brazil taxes in Germany are very reasonable, but compared to more economically liberal position it’s TOO high. Income taxes could reach 46% if you are rich and that’s bad if you want to encourage entrepreneurship, innovation and wealth creation. After discussing about this topic a little more with my German friends, I realized they actually like to pay taxes. Taxes in Germany are a moral value. And they love paying taxes because it allows them to have things for free, “free” education, “free” highways, “free” health insurance. Even if it doesn’t make any sense (pay to have it for free). But, anyway, when it comes to taxes you will see the typical klugschei?e spirit.
高税收——与巴西相比,德国的税收非常合理,但与更为经济自由的地位相比,它太高了。如果你很富有,所得税可能会达到46%,如果你想鼓励创业、创新和创造财富,那就不好了。在和我的德国朋友讨论了这个话题后,我意识到他们实际上喜欢纳税。德国的税收是一种道德价值。他们喜欢纳税,因为这让他们可以享受免费的“免费”教育,“免费”高速公路,“免费”健康保险。即使这没有任何意义(免费付费)。但是,无论如何,说到税收,你会看到典型的克鲁奇精神。

Big State – Germany keeps a lot of the old socialist way. Welfare state is a value for Germans. You will not find a single German who doesn’t talk about health insurance and retirement as if these were “human rights”. There is a huge amount of people receiving money from the government (unemployment, retirement, incapacity, children, rent, pension, compensation, scholarships, refugees). Plus the health system, police, Autobahn, airports, trains, mail company, State TVs and others. Plus the incredible amount of regulations for EVERYTHING: you are not even allowed to change your address without communicating the government. Labor laws are extremely controlling.
大国德国保留了许多旧的社会主义方式。福利国家是德国人的价值观。没有一个德国人不把健康保险和退休当作“人权”来谈论。有大量的人从政府那里得到钱(失业、退休、丧失工作能力、子女、房租、养老金、补偿、奖学金、难民)。加上卫生系统、警察、高速公路、机场、火车、邮政公司、国家电视和其他。此外,对所有事情都有令人难以置信的大量规定:不与政府沟通,你甚至不能改变你的地址。劳动法控制力极强。

I’m changing “Feminist culture” to “misandristic culture” – It’s not that German culture tries to promote feminism, actually this culture hates masculinity. Men in Germany don’t even know how to shake hands, they are more concerned about fashion and organic food than defining their professional career, honoring/protecting a woman or raising a family. By the way, Germans don’’t believe in family anymore. The only time Germans care about family is regarding to welfare state. Male characteristics are censored, female characteristics are encouraged (even for men). German men are absolutely afraid of being in a position of authority, leadership or command. But in the other hand it’s very easy to find bossy women or women treating their husbands as if they were their sons. This is due to what I call “the Hitler Trauma”. After the Second World War “authority” and “command” became bad words in Germany, and men felt ashamed about the outcome of the war, perceived as a direct result of male characteristics (aggressiveness, strength, command, guns, army).
我正在把“女权主义文化”变成“错误的文化”——这并不是说德国文化试图促进女权主义,实际上这种文化讨厌男性气概。德国男人甚至不知道如何握手,他们更关心时尚和有机食品,而不是定义他们的职业生涯,尊重/保护一个
女人或养家糊口。顺便说一下,德国人不再相信家庭了。德国人唯一关心家庭的是福利国家。男性特征受到审查,女性特征受到鼓励(即使是男性)。德国男人绝对害怕处于权威、领导或指挥的地位。但另一方面,很容易发现专横的女人或女人对待丈夫就像对待儿子一样。这是由于我所说的“希特勒创伤”。第二次世界大战后,“权威”和“命令”在德国变成了脏话,男人对战争的结果感到羞愧,认为这是男性特征(侵略性、力量、命令、枪支、军队)的直接结果。

Limited economic mobility – In Germany it’s really hard to change professions once you started any kind of career. You have to follow the system: go through school (there is a special branch if you want to go to University), finish University, find a specialized job. Of course the quality of work in Germany is due to this system, there is no professional without proper training. But in the other hand, if after 5 years in a profession you decide that you don’t wanna be an engineer anymore and want to start a career in gastronomy, you have to go back to University for 4–6 years. The same way the number of “self-made men” in Germany is basically ZERO. Even if you have a good idea and know how to do something extraordinary or innovative, you won’t find opportunities unless you have a Master’s degree. That causes a very visible state of professional dissatisfaction, and very often a sense of “I don’t know what to do with my life”, among young people (students and professionals). In Germany there’s no economic mobility, if you were born poor you will die poor, if you were born rich you will probably die rich. The way the State found to try and mask that problem is to expand welfare, with that, people have this feeling of fake normality of everybody having their basic needs fulfilled. But there’s no freedom.
有限的经济流动性——在德国,一旦你开始任何职业生涯,就很难改变职业。你必须遵循这个制度:通过学校(如果你想上大学,有一个特别的分支),完成大学,找到一份专门的工作。当然,德国的工作质量是由于这一制度,没有适当的培训就没有专业人员。但另一方面,如果你在一个行业工作了5年后,决定不再想当工程师,想开始烹饪生涯,你必须回到大学学习4-6年。同样,德国“白手起家”的人数基本为零。即使你有一个好主意,知道如何做一些非凡或创新的事情,除非你有硕士学位,否则你不会找到机会。这在年轻人(学生和专业人士)中引起了一种非常明显的职业不满,并且经常有一种“我不知道我的生活该怎么办”的感觉。在德国,没有经济流动性,如果你生来贫穷,你就会死得贫穷,如果你生来富有,你可能会死得富有。国家试图掩盖这一问题的方法是扩大福利,这样,人们就会有一种虚假的常态感,即每个人的基本需求都得到满足。但是没有自由。

Twisted perception of the political spectrum – Even writing this and reading the comments it’s clear to me that whenever a German (and only Germans) reads somebody stating that Hitler was a socialist, they get seizures. For a German is absolutely ridiculous and unacceptable to reveal that Hitler shared the same socialist DNA that dominates the culture now (EU, censorship, statism, cultural hegemony). There is no valid disagreement with the Left in Germany (funny, since I wrote this answer it became clearer and clearer it’s actually everywhere, in USA, Brazil, Europe, just check the anti-Trump movement), whatever you say against the Marxist idea is immediately labeled as “populism” (the new favorite jargon of leftist Germans), “Nazi”, “rechts extreme” (for Germans it’s ok to be “links extreme”). And ironically enough that’s exactly what happens, the 2 parties that are not perceived as leftists (but they are) are very fond of the old Nazi personality and ideology. The misunderstanding about what happened in the Second War (Germans still call Hitler a “right-wing dictator” even though it’s well understood and documented his total compliance with Marxist ideologies) made Germany to move to the other extreme and censor any expression of disagreement. For that reason Germans don’t know how to disagree with the Left, they usually fall in the trap of going to the other extreme, the Nazi way, which is what the German culture wrongly understands as being the Right. So, you won’t see conservatives in Germany, they are either hiding or apologizing for reading Locke, Burke, Goethe, Friedman, Mises, Kirk, Scruton. I dare to say there’s no right-wing parties in Germany AT ALL. Politics in Germany is made of Marxists and Nazis, which, in the end, are the same, offspring of the same authoritarian, statist and anti-capitalistic ideology that gave us Socialism (all types), Communism and Fascism (created by the communist Mussolini).
对政治光谱扭曲的看法——即使写下这些并阅读评论,对我来说很清楚,每当一个德国人(也只有德国人)读到有人说希特勒是社会主义者时,他们就会癫痫发作。对于一个德国人来说,揭露希特勒拥有现在主导文化的相同的社会主义基因(欧盟、审查制度、国家主义、文化霸权)是绝对荒谬和不可接受的。在德国,与左派没有有效的分歧(有趣的是,自从我写下这个答案后,它变得越来越清晰,事实上它无处不在,在美国、巴西、欧洲,只要看看反特朗普运动),无论你说什么反对马克思主义的观点,都会立即被贴上“民粹主义”(德国左派最喜欢的行话)、“纳粹主义”、“极端主义”(对德国人来说,“极端联系”是可以的)。讽刺的是,事情就是这样,两个不被视为左派的政党(但他们是)非常喜欢旧的纳粹个性和意识形态。对第二次世界大战中发生的事情的误解(德国人仍然称希特勒为“右翼独裁者”,尽管人们已经很好地理解并记录了他对马克思主义意识形态的完全遵从),使得德国走向了另一个极端,并审查了任何不同意见的表达。由于这个原因,德国人不知道如何与左派意见相左,他们通常会陷入另一个极端——纳粹主义——的陷阱,而这正是德国文化错误地理解为右派的地方。所以,你不会看到德国的保守派,他们要么隐藏要么为阅读洛克、伯克、歌德、弗里德曼、米塞斯、柯克、斯克鲁顿而道歉。我敢说德国根本没有右翼政党。德国的政治是由马克思主义者和纳粹组成的,他们最终是一样的,是同一种专制、中央集权和反资本主义意识形态的产物,这种意识形态给了我们社会主义(所有类型)、共产主义和法西斯主义(由共产主义墨索里尼创造)。

The weird nationalism – Germans have a very sick relationship with nationalism, in one hand most people deny they are nationalists, welcome immigrants from the Middle East without even checking their passports, the government tries to indoctrinate students and TV watchers to embrace multiculturalism, the leftist parties celebrate on TV the de-Christianization of Europe and that Germany is “less white”. Plus Germans have the habit of saying bad things about everything in Germany. In the other hand you won’t find one single German who won’t give you a hard time about the language. In 5 years I never met a German who didn’t ask “hey, how’s your German?” or think “not speaking good German is a sign of disrespect”. The same way, people prefer to buy stuff made in Germany, they get annoyed when they realize their favorite gadget or piece of clothing was made in China, or when they read on the newspapers that a Chinese company bought a German company. People sometimes get mad when you speak with them in English, even though everybody younger than 40’s speaks that language very well. It’s a bipolar behavior.
奇怪的民族主义——德国人与民族主义有着非常病态的关系,一方面,大多数人否认自己是民族主义者,甚至不检查护照就欢迎来自中东的移民,政府试图向学生和电视观众灌输多元文化主义,左翼政党在电视上庆祝欧洲的去基督化,德国“不那么白人化”。此外,德国人有说德国一切坏话的习惯。另一方面,你找不到一个不会给你带来语言难题的德国人。五年来,我从未见过一个德国人不问“嘿,你的德语怎么样?”或者认为“说不好德语是不尊重的表现”。同样,人们更喜欢购买德国制造的东西,当他们意识到他们最喜欢的小玩意或衣服是中国制造的,或者当他们在报纸上读到一家中国公司收购了一家德国公司的时候,他们会很恼火。当你用英语和他们说话的时候,人们有时会生气,即使每个40岁以下的人都说得很好。这是一种两极行为。

……………………

Tomislav Turalija
Answered Jul 7, 2016

I was living in Germany tor full three years (2011–2014). There is many pros and some cons f life in Germany. I will keep it short and focus on ones that are important in my opinion
我在德国住了整整三年(2011-2014年)。德国的生活有许多优点和缺点。我会保持简短,集中在我认为重要的方面

PROS:
优点:

English friendly nation. My German is not best so majority of my communication was on english. I was surprised how many people are fluent in english. Most importantly is that you will be able to communicate on English with Doctors, Pharmacist, Government workers, Police officers, Post office staff and many other.
英国友好国家。我的德语不是最好的,所以我的大部分交流是用英语进行的。我很惊讶有多少人英语流利。最重要的是,你将能够用英语与医生、药剂师、政府工作人员、警察、邮局工作人员和许多其他人交流。

Cheap and fast transportation if you wish to travel within Germany and nearby countries.
如果你想在德国和附近的国家旅行,便宜快捷的交通工具。

CONS:

Housing – Housing is affordable, but finding and canceling is VERY expensive. For most apartments you have to pay agency fee (2 rents) , deposit (2+3 rents), rent for first month, mandatory insurance. Additionally if you want to cancel apartment you have to do it 3 month in advance and you must return it in same condition as you got it (paint walls, replace damaged furniture, wash carpets, etc.. there goes your deposit and more)
住房-住房是负担得起的,但是寻找和取消是非常昂贵的。对于大多数公寓,你必须支付代理费(2英镑租金)、押金(2英镑+3英镑租金)、第一个月的租金、强制保险。此外,如果你想取消公寓,你必须提前3个月完成,而且你必须以你得到的同样条件归还(粉刷墙壁、更换损坏的家具、清洗地毯等)..你的存款和更多)

Work and private life is strictly separated. They do not mix that. But if you enter local gym or bar things change drastically. Everybody is friendly and ready to offer help.
工作和私人生活是严格分开的。他们不会把这些混在一起。但是如果你进入当地的健身房或酒吧,事情会发生巨大的变化。每个人都很友好,愿意提供帮助。

IMPORTANT:

Insurance is everything. Make sure you get Personal liability insurance in first week you move to Germany.
They have few simple rules that you have to obey to have a good life there. One of them is not to make noise on Sundays. Funny but true. So be quiet on Sundays (no house work and no loud music).
保险是一切。确保你在搬到德国的第一周就获得了个人责任保险。
他们没有什么简单的规则,你必须遵守这些规则才能在那里过上美好的生活。其中之一就是星期天不要制造噪音。有趣但真实。所以周日要保持安静(不要做家务,也不要大声放音乐)。

Germany do not care about nationality and races as long as you are productive member of society in other words as long as you pay taxes and you are willing to learn German and integrate.
德国不在乎国籍和种族,只要你是社会中有生产力的一员,换句话说,只要你纳税并且愿意学习德语和融入社会。

……………………

Anonymous
Answered Jun 7, 2016

Anonymous: No specific reason just do not want to reveal my Identity come on I live in Germany and people here take extra care for security be that it any form.
匿名:没有具体的原因只是不想透露我的身份。来吧,我住在德国,这里的人会格外注意安全,不管是什么形式。

But I will give most of my details: I am Indian, studied in Germany and now working as a software Engineer in Germany.
但是我会给出我的大部分细节:我是印度人,在德国学习,现在在德国做软件工程师。

For my comparison I will have 3 reference countries
为了进行比较,我将有3个参考国家

a. Indian where I come from.
a.我来自印度。

b. Singapore where I lived for some time for my Job.
b.我在新加坡工作了一段时间。

c. USA: Every software Engineers dream to work in silicon valley (Subjective and debatable)
c.美国:每个软件工程师都梦想在硅谷工作(主观的和有争议的)

Pros:
优点:

1. Safety: Germany is fucking safe definitely as compared to India and USA and may be on the same line with Singapore.(I will add this point as Con but check for explanation)
安全性:与印度和美国相比,德国绝对是他妈的安全,而且可能和新加坡在同一条线上。(我将把这一点添加为Con,但请查看解释)

2. Education: Fucking good and of high quality.
教育:他妈的好,高质量。

3. Tuition Fess: Nearly null so you as a student have no student loan as debt. Just a additional info once you start earning you pay taxes and these taxes will help some other student to study with minimum tuition fees and I am happy to pay the taxes German government asks for.
学费:几乎为零,所以你作为学生没有学生贷款作为债务。一旦你开始挣钱,你只需缴纳税款,这些税款将帮助其他学生以最低学费学习,我很乐意缴纳德国政府要求的税款。

4. Roads and Travels: Travel is very quick and fast and reliable. Autobahn nothing to say except awesome!!
道路与旅行:旅行非常快捷可靠。高速公路除了棒极了没什么好说的!!

5. Health Insurance: Awesome and great you do not have to worry.
健康保险:棒极了,你不用担心。

6. Insurance: I think most of the aspects in life are covered here with insurance, hence you do not all the time worry.
保险:我认为生活中的大部分方面都有保险,所以你不用总是担心。

6. Discipline: Every country Needs disciple and if you want to learn discipline please vist and stya in Germany you will definitely learn about it.
纪律:每个国家都需要信徒,如果你想学习纪律,请去德国学习,你一定会学到的。

7. Freedom: Democracy if you want to see how it runs please visit Germany there is really a freedom. Right now there is summer season in Germany and you will see people dressed as they want and they are free to do what they like.(I personally think This is also one important reason for Germany or European countries to innovate a lot. Less restriction more freedom.)
自由:民主如果你想了解它是如何运行的,请访问德国,那里真的有自由。现在德国正处于夏季,你会看到人们穿着他们想要的衣服,他们可以自由地做他们喜欢的事情。(我个人认为这也是德国或欧洲国家大量创新的一个重要原因。限制越少,自由越多。)

8. Economy: Great Economy, Germany is power house.
经济:伟大的经济,德国是权力之家。

8.Jobs: Lot of Job opportunities but again make sure you have required skills because in Germany people take no bullshit show you can work and give results, that’s it no fucking bullshit!!
工作:有很多工作机会,但还是要确保你有必要的技能,因为在德国,人们不会接受废话,因为你可以工作并给出结果,这不是他妈的废话!!

I am happy to get to work on my skills and my passion here.
我很高兴在这里开始我的技能和激情。

10. Racism: Especially for me as a Indian ethnic, I can say I did not faced any racism. At least to the part of country I live in. People are more acceptable and happy to help. Again if you have skills people will listen to you and respect you ( I will have this as Con but check my explanation)
种族主义:尤其对我这个印度人来说,我可以说我没有面临任何种族主义。至少对我居住的国家来说是这样。人们更容易接受,也更乐于帮忙。同样,如果你有技能,人们会听你的,尊重你(我会把这个当成骗局,但请检查我的解释)

11. Hobby: You can have enough time to pursue you hobby, society and culture is more supportive towards sports, hobbies. My product/Delivery manager has 30 Hobbies J
爱好:你可以有足够的时间来追求你的爱好,社会和文化更支持运动、爱好。我的产品/交付经理有30个爱好

12. Nature: German people are crazy for Nature and they protect their nature like anything. I love their attitude for this. It is great just in 20 mins you will be in forest enjoying nature.
自然:德国人热爱自然,他们像保护任何东西一样保护自己的自然。我喜欢他们对此的态度。20分钟后你将在森林里享受大自然,这太棒了。

13. Water: how can I miss this: Tap water is drinking water and is the cleanest in the world. I always drink Tap water at my work or at home. Common I an Indian I am born to be stingy and save money J why will I spend money on water bottle.
水:我怎么会错过这个:自来水是饮用水,是世界上最干净的。我总是在工作或家里喝自来水。我是印度人,生来就是吝啬省钱的。为什么我要花钱买水瓶呢?

14. Work life balance: This point is mostly covered but yes you have enough of your time to do what you want. Reason is Germany people are fucking productive at work. When they work they only work no bullshit.
工作与生活的平衡:这一点大部分都包括在内,但是是的,你有足够的时间去做你想做的事情。原因是德国人工作效率很高。当他们工作时,他们只工作不废话。

15. Cars: I personally am not big fan of Cars but common you know Germany is world famous for cars. I do not think they are really cheap but definitely affordable. But keep in mind even though Germany produces car they make sure they use it to the minimum, you remember German ppl crazy for Nature J
汽车:我个人不太喜欢汽车,但通常你知道德国以汽车闻名于世。我不认为它们真的很便宜,但绝对买得起。但是请记住,即使德国生产汽车,他们也要确保尽可能少的使用汽车,你还记得德国人对《自然》杂志的狂热吗

16. People: People are helpful and they support you with your learning language or any other things.
人们:人们是有帮助的,他们用你的学习语言或任何其他东西来支持你。

okay enough of Pros there should be cons as no country/society is perfect
好的,足够多的优点应该有缺点,因为没有哪个国家/社会是完美的

Cons:
缺点:

1. Safety: Germany was fucking safe before but now a days things are drastically changing. In a short period of 6 months few big Incidents happened: a. Kolone 31 Dec night Incident, Dusseldorf Terror attack plot, German Football Team attack. And Darmstadt Molestation indecent.
1.安全:德国以前是他妈的安全,但现在情况发生了巨大的变化。在短短的6个月里,很少发生重大事件:12月31日晚的科隆事件、杜塞尔多夫恐怖袭击阴谋、德国足球队的袭击。达姆施塔特猥亵下流。

I have also heard from my Indian Female friend they were being stopped in night or harassed. Things are not going the way Germany wanted.
我还从我的印度女性朋友那里听说,她们在晚上被拦截或骚扰。事情没有按照德国希望的方式发展。

2. Racism: up until now I did not faced any of it. But as the Cons point 1 says things are changing and so naturally the attitude or people will change and I do not blame them it is natural,You as a foreigner come to some other country and make a shit people are bound to get angry.
种族主义:到目前为止,我没有面对过任何一个。但是正如反对意见1所说的,事情正在发生变化,而且如此自然
态度或人们会改变,我不怪他们这是很自然的,你作为一个外国人来到另一个国家制造麻烦,人们肯定会生气。

As Indians look similar to the ones who made and are making shit, Things can be bit different.
由于印度人看起来和那些制造和正在制造大便的人很相似,事情可能会有点不同。

I have my Indians friends telling me they are thinking of finding job at different country or so(Again subjective matter but at least this is what I hear my friends talking)
我有印度朋友告诉我,他们正在考虑在不同的国家找工作(这也是主观的问题,但至少这是我听到朋友们在说的)

I know my this point is going yo get me bad remarks but this is really what is happening and I am seeing it and I thought to talk about it. I am Being nice and responisble
我知道我的这一点会让你听到不好的评论,但这确实是正在发生的事情,我看到了它,我想谈谈它。我很友好,有责任感

3. No Free drinking Water: I could not get if any water is safe to drink why there are not water outlets to drink free water. I already asked question related to this on Quora and I somehow get the logic about it(Logic yes you live in Germany everything makes logic here)
没有免费饮用水:我不知道为什么没有出水口可以喝免费水。我已经在Quora上问了与此相关的问题,我不知何故明白了其中的逻辑

4. Food: I personally think (subjective) food is little bit expensive and also variety should be more. Don’t worry I can live with it but just a con from my side.
食物:我个人认为(主观的)食物有点贵,品种也应该更多。别担心,我可以忍受,但只是我这边的一个骗局。

5. Supermarket closing Time: closes early and not on Sunday. Again I am ok but would be convenient if we have more 24 hrs. shops.
超市打烊时间:提前打烊,不要在周日打烊。我也很好,但是如果我们有更多24小时营业的商店,会很方便。

6. ATM’s (Geld automat): I believe there should be more outlets of ATM’s so that it will be convenient.
自动提款机:我认为应该有更多的自动提款机网点,这样会比较方便。

7. Winter: Winter is really hard here especially for people from Asia.
冬天:这里的冬天真的很难熬,尤其是对亚洲人来说。

For me personally there are hell lot of Pros and I am happy, sorry more than happy. I can concentrate on my work, my passion and contribute to the society by paying my taxes and being law abiding citizen.
对我个人来说,有很多专业人士,我很高兴,遗憾多于高兴。我可以专注于我的工作,我的热情,通过纳税和成为守法公民为社会做出贡献。

Thank you Germany!!!!!!
谢谢德国!!!!!!

……………………
Priyanka Diwan, Centre Manager at Achievers Point (2005-present)
Answered Jul 15, 2018

LIVING IN GERMANY

Pros:
优点:

Public/Bank Holidays: Not sure if there is any country with more official bank holidays, but Germany (Bavaria) in 2017 has 14 compared to 8 in the UK; with the average 30 days vacation you get from your employer, you can easily take six/seven complete weeks off work.
公共/银行假日:不确定是否有哪个国家有更多的官方银行假日,但德国(巴伐利亚州)2017年有14个,而英国有8个;雇主给你平均30天的假期,你可以轻松地休息六/七周。

Quality college/university education (and all other education) for free: Might be relevant if you come to Germany to study or if your kids grow up in Germany.
免费的优质学院/大学教育(以及所有其他教育):如果你来德国学习或者如果你的孩子在德国长大,这可能是有意义的。

Well functioning legal/administrative and constitutional system: Yes, people complain about bureaucracy, but only because they haven’t seen how it works in other places. Courts are on average much more efficient in Germany (average case closes in around one year compared to six in Italy) and the Constitutional Court strikes down even prestigious legislative projects.
运转良好的法律/行政和宪法体系:是的,人们抱怨官僚主义,但只是因为他们没有看到它在其他地方是如何运作的。德国法院的效率平均要高得多(平均案件在一年左右结案,而意大利只有六起),宪法法院甚至否决了著名的立法项目。

Rent and stuff is cheap: Compared to London, Brussels, etc living cost in Germany is super cheap; honestly I don’t know how they produce the stuff for discounters。
租金和物品都很便宜:与伦敦、布鲁塞尔等相比,德国的生活成本非常便宜;老实说,我不知道他们是如何为折扣店生产这些东西的。
Quality of houses, buildings in general: Windows in particular have awesome insulation against everything
房屋质量,一般建筑质量:尤其是窗户对所有其他东西都有极好的隔热效果。

Other stuff : It has already been mentioned by other people, like safety (crime rate), health insurance, public transport.
其他东西:它已经被其他人提到过了,比如安全(犯罪率)、健康保险、公共交通。

Cons:
缺点:

At times too organized: You get a ticket for biking on the wrong side of the biking lane; Some people give you wild stares if you walk across a red light or if you do the recycling wrong (a.k.a not removing plastic caps from bottles before you throw them into the glass container)
有时太有条理了:你在自行车道的错误一侧得到了一张自行车票;如果你闯红灯或者你做错了回收工作(也就是说,在把瓶子扔进玻璃容器之前,不要从瓶子上取下塑料盖),有些人会恶狠狠地盯着你

If you don’t speak German, it might not be easy to break into social circles: Although young people generally speak decent to perfect English, it seems to be quite hard for foreigners without proper German to really bond with locals (exception is Berlin).
如果你不会说德语,进入社交圈可能并不容易:虽然年轻人通常说得体面到完美的英语,但对于没有合适德语的外国人来说,要真正与当地人建立联系似乎相当困难(柏林除外)。

Customer Service people are way less friendly than in the U.S.: Biggest culture shock for me in the U.S. was how friendly all the people in super markets/on call center lines were.
客服人员远不如美国友好:对我来说,美国最大的文化冲击是超级市场/呼叫中心的所有人都有多友好。

People are not as entrepreneurial/adventurous as in other parts of the planet: In the U.S./China everyone seemed to have their side-hustle or were running this or that organization. I would say there is less of this kind of spirit in Germany.
人们不像地球上其他地方的人那样具有企业家精神/冒险精神:在美国/中国,每个人似乎都有自己的副业,或者管理着这个或那个组织。我想说德国没有这种精神。

……………………

Marta Stoinska, almost 16 years of living in Germany… And going to school here
Answered Jun 13, 2016

I live in Germany since I was 1 year old so I can’t really compare Germany to other countries except Poland but:
我从1岁起就住在德国,所以我不能把德国和除波兰以外的其他国家相提并论,但是:

Pros:

Education: It was said before BUT yes Education is affordable… And it’s mostly not like there is a class system in schools. Yes mostly the poorer kids go to the Hauptschule and the rich ones go to Gymnasium, but it’s mostly because of the way the kids are raised… But in my 11th class there is such a class diversity.
教育:以前有人说过,但是是的,教育是负担得起的……而且学校里基本上没有班级制度。是的,大部分贫困的孩子去上小学,而富裕的孩子去体育馆,但这主要是因为孩子们的成长方式……但是在我的第11堂课上,有如此多的班级。

Jobs: It’s my favourite thing about Germany! You can get a Job without having a degree. You can have a job with a degree… If you just work hard and have good grades in school etc. you probably will get a job (the probability is let’s say 90%) Many people critizise the “Ausbilding”, that you have to work the thing you learned for 3 years for the rest of your live… But you can go to other schools etc. to expand your knowledge and you can come very high with “the worst” school type… (the Hauptschule)
工作:这是我最喜欢德国的地方!没有学位你也能找到工作。你可以有一份有学位的工作……只要你努力学习,在学校取得好成绩,等等。你可能会找到一份工作(假设概率是90%),许多人批评“乐观主义”,认为你必须在余生学习3年的东西……但你可以去其他学校等。为了扩展你的知识,你可以用“最差”的学校类型来获得高分

Health care: I don’t really have to explain that… It’s free
医疗保健:我真的不必解释……这是免费的

Young People: Most of the young people I know are really nice and behave really mature (even if they are drunk like a lord) There are not many teenagers who go out every weekend to drink… Only if there is a Kirwa (a small October Fest in every bavarian city) or something like that… But even then… The teenagers still drink less and behave better than middle aged people…
年轻人:我认识的大多数年轻人都很好,举止也很成熟(即使他们喝得像个大人一样)没有多少青少年每个周末都出去喝酒……除非有基尔瓦节(每个巴伐利亚城市都有一个小小的十月节)或类似的活动……但是即使这样……青少年仍然比中年人喝得少,举止也更好……

Cons:

“Native Germans”: I mean Germans who’ve lived there for Generations… Most of them feel superior to People who’s Parents or Grandparents where foreigners. But that’s pretty debatable
“德国本地人”:我是指在那里生活了几代人的德国人……他们中的大多数人觉得自己比外国人居住的父母或祖父母优越。但是这是很有争议的

Middle-Aged People: These are mostly people aged between 35 and 65… They just annoy me as a young Person… Of course when there is a public Party in a city where EVERYONE goes to there is a Mix of Generations and young People mostly dance have fun and drink a little bit… Middle-Aged People drink and get annoyed, because the young people are too loud and too drunk… Here’s a example: When I was at a city festival I wanted to go through a really crowded place to my friends so i kinda ‘swam’ through the crowd and said excuse me and a man (i would say 40 years old) almost fell on me because I ‘hit him’. Once i arrived to my friends and told them about the guy his female friend hit me in my back and said excuse mockingly… Plus a drunk man aged 50 almost hit my FEMALE best friend in the face…
中年人:这些人大多是35岁到65岁之间的人……他们只是让我年轻时感到厌烦……当然,当一个城市里有一个所有人都去的公共聚会时,会有几代人参加,年轻人大多跳舞、娱乐、喝酒……中年人喝酒、生气。 因为年轻人声音太大,喝得太多……举个例子:当我在一个城市音乐节上,我想穿过一个非常拥挤的地方去见我的朋友,所以我在人群中“游”了一会儿,说了声“对不起”,一个男人(我会说40岁)差点因为我“打了他”而摔倒在我身上。 有一次,我来到我的朋友面前,告诉他们他的女性朋友打了我的背,并且嘲笑地说…另外一个50岁的醉汉几乎打了我女性最好的朋友的脸…

That’s all i could think of…
我能想到的就这些…

But all these topics above are very dabateable… 🙂
但以上所有这些话题都非常容易理解…:)

……………………
Quora User, lived in Munich, Germany
Updated Jul 15, 2016
Cons:

Still too much cigarette smoking.
吸烟仍然太多。

No air conditioning and a strong prejudice against it. The country is hotter and more humid in spring and summer than many believe.
没有空调,对它有强烈的偏见。这个国家在春天和夏天比许多人认为的更热更潮湿。

People are a bit reserved and too private at times, making it hard to break into social circles and make friends.
人们有时有点保守,过于隐私,很难进入社交圈交朋友。

Since the overall level of education is high, many people succumb to “Besserwisserei” — know-it-all behavior — and it can be hard to disabuse them of incorrect or misguided opinions.

由于整体教育水平很高,许多人屈服于“贝塞尔维斯雷”——无所不知的行为——并且很难消除他们不正确或被误导的观点。
People can be rigid and inflexible at times; still, this is often exaggerated by embittered foreigners.
人们有时会变得僵硬和不灵活;然而,这经常被心怀怨恨的外国人夸大。

Pros:

Basic necessities—food, rent, etc.—are surprisingly affordable, for the most part, for people on average incomes.
基本必需品——食物、租金等。—在很大程度上,对平均收入的人来说,是令人惊讶的负担得起的。

Well-constructed homes and apartment buildings: walls are thick, doors and locks are beautifully constructed and solid, windows can either open wide or tilt vertically; they use modern versions of the classic old steam radiators the US has only in old buildings.
建造良好的住宅和公寓楼:墙壁很厚,门和锁构造精美坚固,窗户可以敞开,也可以垂直倾斜;他们使用现代版本的经典旧蒸汽散热器,美国只有在旧建筑里才有。

Excellent public transportation that is generally punctual, safe, and comfortable. With a bit of planning and willingness to walk some, one can live here beautifully without a car.
优秀的公共交通工具,通常准时、安全、舒适。只要有一点计划和愿意步行,一个人就可以在没有汽车的情况下漂亮地生活在这里。

Lovely women (sorry, I just had to say that), often but not always blonde and fair, who are capable and self-determined, with beautiful manners and surprisingly soft voices (German is lovely — can be — really!!).
Most people are fairly honest and reliable.
可爱的女人(抱歉,我不得不这么说),通常但不总是金发碧眼,有能力,有主见,举止优雅,声音出奇的柔和(德语很可爱——可以——真的!!)。
大多数人都相当诚实可靠。

Superb health insurance and health care delivery system. Other comments here regarding this are true.
卓越的健康保险和医疗保健提供系统。这里关于这一点的其他评论是正确的。

Art, culture, music, literature, architecture are everywhere.
艺术、文化、音乐、文学、建筑无处不在。

Laws and government which, despite some unfortunate trends, still aim to make life better for the average person…generous vacation time, sick leave, job security.
法律和政府,尽管有一些不幸的趋势,仍然致力于让普通人的生活变得更好…慷慨的假期,病假,工作保障。

Taxes are really no more burdensome than in the US, on the whole.
总的来说,税收并不比美国负担更重。

Very low tolerance of violence and violent behavior. It is illegal to strike children at school—or at home. There is no death penalty and nobody wants it. War is regarded as the scourge it is, not as a jolly adventure. Calling someone “aggressive” is considered to be an insult—it’s not regarded as a positive quality.
对暴力和暴力行为的容忍度很低。在学校或家里打孩子是违法的。没有死刑,也没有人想要死刑。战争被认为是灾难,而不是快乐的冒险。称某人“好斗”被认为是一种侮辱——这不被认为是积极的品质。

Generally, crime isn’t a problem, and the murder rate is very low. After more than a year living here, I suddenly realized that virtually nobody is packing heat. The cops are completely chill compared to American ones—you can approach cops here and talk to them like they are normal human beings.
一般来说,犯罪不成问题,谋杀率也很低。在这里住了一年多之后,我突然意识到几乎没有人在收拾残局。与美国警察相比,警察非常冷漠——你可以在这里接近警察,像正常人一样和他们说话。

……………………
Suvrajit Saha, The sheen has worn off…
Updated Mar 24, 2017

I’ll be as succinct as possible. Some of the good things are:
我会尽可能简洁。一些好的事情是:

Public Transport in cities: You can generally rely on them. But if you are living in a small town or in the countryside, then no, you probably need an auto.
城市公共交通:你通常可以依靠它们。但是如果你住在一个小镇或农村,那么不,你可能需要一辆汽车。

Civic Amneties: The services are mostly good and you rarely have garbage and the like lying around. If anything is damaged, they are mostly repaired very quickly.
市民网:服务大多很好,你很少有垃圾之类的东西。如果有什么损坏的话,它们大多会很快得到修复。

Cheap Tution: University studies are cheap and affordable which is a big plus.
便宜的学费:大学学习既便宜又负担得起,这是一大优势。

Nice people: Notwithstanding exceptions people are by and large nice and helpful. One does not need more from strangers.
好人:尽管有例外,但总的来说,人们是善良和乐于助人的。一个人不需要陌生人的更多。

Carefree Society: This is something positive from my point of view. One does not need to keep up with the Jones and Joneses as much as in the Anglo-Saxon part of the world. One can generally be as one is wont to be.
无忧无虑的社会:在我看来,这是积极的。一个人不需要像世界上盎格鲁撒克逊人那样跟得上琼斯和琼斯一家。一个人通常可以像往常一样。

Quality of Water and Air: Clean air which is a pleasure to breathe in and exceptionally high quality piped water.
水和空气的质量:清新的空气,令人愉快的呼吸和异常高质量的自来水。

Health System: It is a behemoth, but still it functions. As long as you have a job you do not need to worry much about healthcare.
卫生系统:它是一个庞然大物,但仍然发挥作用。只要你有工作,你就不需要太担心医疗保健。

Now to the not so good things:
现在来说说不太好的事情:

Health System: Yes, the flipside is that if you do not have a job and do not get any social assistance then you are done. Monthly payments are then not affordable for someone living off reserves.
卫生系统:是的,另一个问题是,如果你没有工作,没有任何社会援助,那么你就完了。对于靠储备生活的人来说,每月支付是负担不起的。

Primary Education: Very poor and in the doldrums. There is political and parental interference. German schools rarely inspire their students. They only dish out standard fare.
初等教育:非常贫困和萧条。有政治和父母的干涉。德国学校很少激励学生。他们只提供标准票价。

Boorish Behaviour: Unfortunately, Germany is the worst behaved society in western Europe. People are extremely boorish and this is most obvious at work.
粗野行为:不幸的是,德国是西欧表现最差的社会。人们极其粗鲁,这在工作中最为明显。

Missing Elements of Life: Romance, Style, Elegance and Joyfulness are present through their absence. Survival, not Living is what matters here.
生命中缺失的元素:浪漫、风格、优雅和快乐通过它们的缺失呈现出来。这里重要的是生存,而不是活着。

Negativity: Germany deflates the spirit. I won’t elaborate on it, but they know how to extinguish even the strongest of fires in people.
消极:德国让精神萎靡不振。我不会详细说明,但是他们知道如何扑灭人身上最强烈的火。

Social Jealousy: People are generally very jealous of others’ success and some go to devious extents to harm them. A very sadistic attitude really.
社会嫉妒:人们通常非常嫉妒他人的成功,有些人会以不正当的方式伤害他人。
一种非常虐待狂的态度。

Hardly any Professional Mobility: You get stereotyped and stuck in a rut. German companies think you are good at only one thing and are incapable of doing anything else in your lifetime. Little do they realise that the incapability lies more with them.
几乎没有任何职业流动性:你会被陈规定型,陷入墨守成规。德国公司认为你一生中只擅长一件事,而不能做其他任何事。他们很少意识到无能更多地在于他们。

Latent Racism: There is a latent racism in society and especially at work. In many cities getting a nice accommodation in certain parts of the city can be very difficult for people who are not white and Christian. At work too this is felt. Hardly any German companies have people of colour at top positions. My experience is, progress is deliberately stalled after reaching a mid-level position.

潜在的种族主义:社会中,尤其是工作中,存在潜在的种族主义。在许多城市,对于不是白人和基督徒的人来说,在城市的某些地方获得一个好的住处是非常困难的。在工作中也能感觉到这一点。几乎没有任何德国公司的高层有有色人种。我的经验是,在达到中级职位后,进展被故意拖延。
Weak Men: It is a generalisation, but German men are mostly weak personalities. They lack courage and pride and live their lives as their wives and girlfriends tell them do. It is enraging and embarrassing. At work this means, you mostly have superiors who are not fit for their jobs. This is also seen in the political arena: you have hardly any male figures worth mentioning.

Misandrist Society: German society, like Nordic societies, is a misandrist society and are doing more everyday to stay one forever.
误导社会:德国社会和北欧社会一样,是一个误导社会,每天都在做更多的事情来永远保持下去。

Food: Food in Germany does not taste. If you want good tasting food, go to Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Holland, etc. But in Germany food somehow does not possess any taste.
食物:德国的食物没有味道。如果你想要美味的食物,去奥地利、瑞士、比利时、荷兰等。但是在德国,食物不知何故没有任何味道。

……………………
Barry Weir
Answered Apr 9, 2017

I recently lived in Germany for about 5 years, in small Bavarian village outside Munich.
我最近在德国慕尼黑郊外的一个巴伐利亚小村庄住了大约5年。

There are many things that make life wonderful in Germany, most have been mentioned, but no one has mentioned the coffee. I have never had a bad cup of coffee in Germany; they seem to have focused their formidable technical prowess to making sure that every kind of coffee machine brews a great cup of coffee – I realise that this is a question of personal taste, but there we are. On the flip side, having grown up in North America, I found it’s just not worth the effort trying to find good beef.
在德国,有许多事情让生活变得美好,大多数都被提到过,但没有人提到过。
提到了咖啡。在德国,我从来没有喝过一杯糟糕的咖啡;他们似乎把他们强大的技术力量集中在确保每一种咖啡机都能酿造出一杯好咖啡上——我意识到这是个人品味的问题,但我们到了。另一方面,在北美长大后,我发现努力寻找好牛肉是不值得的。
Wine is generally pretty inexpensive and there’s a great variety. As for the food, in Bavaria (the only place I’ve lived) it’s dependable. There is a disproportionate variety of bread, and bakeries are everywhere. Pastries are very good, maybe not of the level of Austria (in general) or Vienna (in particular), but nonetheless very good.
葡萄酒通常很便宜,品种繁多。至于食物,在巴伐利亚(我唯一住过的地方),它是可靠的。面包种类繁多,面包店随处可见。糕点非常好,也许不像奥地利(一般)或维也纳(特别)那么好,但仍然非常好。

Dealing with German bureaucracy can be daunting, as it can be pretty inflexible. They also tend not to want to communicate except by letter mail, and there’s actually a German standard for how such a letter will be laid out. Why use email when there’s a way that’s more complicated?
与德国官僚机构打交道可能让人望而生畏,因为它可能相当不灵活。他们也不愿意交流,除非是通过信件,事实上,这种信件是有德国标准的。
如果有更复杂的方法,为什么要用电子邮件?

Germany is a country of specialists – if a German studies physics, there’s a statistical certainty that said student will never take a university-level course in chemistry. That’s neither a pro or con as such, but reality.
德国是一个拥有专家的国家——如果一个德国人学习物理,从统计学上来说,可以肯定的是,这个学生永远不会上大学级别的化学课程。这既不是赞成也不是反对,而是现实。

……………………

Jens Holze, born and raised here, never lived anywhere else though
Answered Jun 10, 2016

This is of course biased, as I have never lived anywhere else but in Germany. And it’s also limited to a certain region in some cases.
这当然是有偏见的,因为除了德国,我从未在其他地方住过。在某些情况下,它也仅限于某个地区。

What I think is positive: Germany is a pretty safe country by most standards. Crime rates are pretty low. Food is pretty affordable, so is rent outside of typical metropolitan areas (southern Germany is a bit more expensive in general, but jobs usually also pay more). Public transport, although far from perfect (unlike e.g. Switzerland), is pretty good in most places and also affordable. We like our infrastructure to work, our buildings to be well constructed and up to the latest technical standards for the most part. We are trying pretty hard as a nation to be environment friendly. Although Germany has high population density we still have lots of green, forests and nature in general. Even big cities like Berlin have lots of parks.
我认为是积极的:按照大多数标准,德国是一个相当安全的国家。犯罪率相当低。食物相当便宜,典型大都市地区之外的租金也是如此(德国南部总体来说有点贵,但工作通常也会支付更多)。公共交通虽然远非完美(不像瑞士),但在大多数地方都相当好,而且也负担得起。我们希望我们的基础设施能够正常运行,我们的建筑能够建造得很好,并且在很大程度上符合最新的技术标准。作为一个国家,我们正在非常努力地保护环境。尽管德国人口密度很高,但我们仍然有很多绿色、森林和大自然。甚至像柏林这样的大城市也有很多公园。

What takes some getting used to: Germany is also a country of control and order. There are rules for almost everything almost everywhere, starting with times you may throw away your glass at or where to barbecue in public and not limited to the correct way to stand in line for something. Some of those rules are not obvious at first sight but most people follow them. This also goes for administration, it can be a pain in the butt. Whenever you think you can just do something there’s probably a form to fill out. Privacy is a big thing (which we consider important and good) but Germans may come across as reserved, especially in northern Germany. But most people are pretty approachable actually. Most stores are closed on Sundays and there are definitive closing times in most places. You can buy stuff at night at fuel stations or special late shops but it’s probably more expensive.
需要一些人习惯的是:德国也是一个控制和秩序的国家。几乎任何地方都有规则,从你可能在公共场合扔掉杯子或者在哪里烧烤开始,而不局限于正确的排队方式。有些规则乍一看并不明显,但大多数人都遵守。这也适用于行政管理,这可能是一个棘手的问题。每当你认为你可以做某事的时候,可能会有一张表格要填写。隐私是一件大事(我们认为这很重要也很好),但德国人可能会被认为是保守的,尤其是在德国北部。但实际上大多数人都很平易近人。大多数商店周日关门,大多数地方都有明确的关门时间。你可以在晚上在加油站或特殊的夜店买东西,但可能会更贵。

We have a pretty high standard of education in general and it good system of formal education even outside of academia. It might be a problem to get a better job without formal qualification, because you can not just get any job and prove yourself in doing good work.
总的来说,我们的教育水平相当高,即使在学术界之外,我们也有良好的正规教育体系。如果没有正式的资格,找一份更好的工作可能是个问题,因为你不能只找一份工作,证明自己做得很好。

原文:https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-pros-and-cons-of-living-in-Germany

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