德国公务员的实际情况是什么样的

If you are considering a career in the civil service in Germany, it is important to be aware of various factors, such as the requirements of a specific civil servant and the organizational structure of the civil service, as these elements may influence the area of public service you wish to work in.
如果你正在考虑在德国的公务员系统工作,重要的是要了解各种因素,如特定公务员的要求和公务员系统的组织结构,因为这些因素可能会影响你希望从事的公共服务领域。

Germany’s civil service comprises of two main parts, with the greater part being that of Federal, State and commune level employment (based on civil law). This area of civil service appeals to many individuals who wish to work in the public sector due to the rights, benefits, and good working conditions in which public service employees receive.
德国的公务员制度由两个主要部分组成,大部分是联邦、州和社区一级的就业(根据民法)。由于公务员享有的权利、福利和良好的工作条件,这一公务员领域吸引了许多希望在公共部门工作的个人。

There are however certain principles, which individuals seeking a career in the civil service must satisfy. There include but are not limited to:
Civil service officials must show loyalty and be faithful to their employer
Officials cannot behave in an extreme manner in either their personal or professional life
It is paramount that officials work in compliance with the stipulated rules and regulations and carry out activities instructed by their seniors
Official are not permitted to strike
Must be flexible with regards to working hours
然而,有些原则是个人在公务员制度中寻求职业必须满足的。包括但不限于:
公务员必须表现出忠诚,对雇主忠诚
官员在个人或职业生活中不能表现得极端
至关重要的是,官员必须遵守规定的规则和条例,开展上级指示的活动
官员不允许罢工
工作时间必须灵活

Individuals who meet the criteria outlined by the public service organization they wish to work for, will ultimately benefit from a long and rewarding career. It should be noted that there are categories of civil service careers, and it is uncommon for civil servant to move from one career group to another.
符合他们希望为之工作的公共服务组织列出的标准的个人,最终将从漫长而有回报的职业生涯中受益。应当指出,公务员职业有多种类别,公务员从一个职业群体转到另一个职业群体是不常见的。

The civil service career groups are:
Higher service
Executive service
Clerical service
Basic service
公务员职业群体是:
更高的服务
行政服务
文书服务
基本服务

Benefits of working in the civil service include:
Salary packages are generally high, and are awarded in line with the position held within the civil service and not in reflection of work carried out.
Salary wage increases can be given where a new position is achieved.
Pensions are given but are largely dependent on the position held and term of employment, although most pension plans are generous.
Job security
Gain considerable social status in Germany
Civil servants can engage in politics and be elected to office
Teachers and professors are regarded as civil servants in Germany and therefore are entitled to the same beneficial treatment.
在公务员系统工作的好处包括:
薪资包一般都很高,而且是根据公务员的职位发放的,而不是所做工作的反映。
在获得新职位的情况下,可以增加工资。
虽然大多数养老金计划都很慷慨,但养老金发放在很大程度上取决于职位和就业条件。
工作保障
在德国获得相当大的社会地位
公务员可以从政,也可以当选公职
教师和教授在德国被视为公务员,因此有权享受同样的福利待遇。

原文:https://www.careeraddict.com/facts-about-being-a-civil-servant-in-germany

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